Myanmar

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From Free Port To Modern Economy: Economic Development And Social Change In Penang, 1969-1990From Free Port To Modern Economy: Economic Development And Social Change In Penang, 1969-1990 by Singh, Chet; Rajah Rasiah & Wong Yee Tuan (Eds.)

The 1950s saw Lim Chong Eu taking an increasingly central role in Malayan politics, moving from the exhilarating preparation for independence to him losing political influence by the end of the decade. The following decade saw him trying to revive his political fortunes, and finally succeeding at the ballot box in 1969. Becoming the Chief Minister of Penang State-retreating from national politics, as it were-provided him with the platform from which he would excel as nation builder and political leader. In the process, he contributed decisively to the industrialisation, not only of Penang but also of Malaysia as a whole. This collection of articles tells the story of how the declining fortunes of the port of Penang was turned around through daring and forceful leadership into the industrialised society that it is today.

Myanmar's Myanmar's "Enemy Of The State" Speaks: Irreverent Essays And Interviews by Maung Zarni

"While the world's academics and politicians were focused on the hopes for change conjured up by the charisma and fame of Aung San Suu Kyi, Zarni presciently warned of signs of more fundamental problems with the promised 'transition' agenda for Myanmar. Zarni's various writings and interviews represent an unending attack on the misrepresentations of the Myanmar political, military, commercial, and monastic establishment and the misunderstandings of foreign actors who were beguiled by the promises of natural resources, trade wealth, and political change. Now, as the Myanmar Tatmadaw and the Lady have revealed their true colors, the international community has found that Zarni has had something very important to say that should have been heeded." Professor Michael W. Charney, Chair of Southeast Asian and Military History, SOAS, University of London

Myanmar's Political Transition And Lost Opportunities (2010-2016)Myanmar's Political Transition And Lost Opportunities (2010-2016) by Ye Htut

This book is about the politics of Myanmar under the reformist president Thein Sein. For the first time since the country regained independence in 1948, he was able to enact the peaceful transfer of power from one elected government to another. But Thein Sein also lost opportunities to deliver what the people anticipated, and he failed to bring his USDP party to victory in the 2015 election. This book examines the reasons behind the lost opportunities in the transition to democracy. It draws on the author's experiences as a member of Thein Sein's cabinet as well as on extensive interviews with other cabinet members and politicians involved in the crucial events that took place between 2010 and 2016.

Secrets And Power In Myanmar: Intelligence And The Fall Of General Khin NyuntSecrets And Power In Myanmar: Intelligence And The Fall Of General Khin Nyunt by Selth, Andrew

"No external observer knows more about Myanmar's security and intelligence apparatus than Andrew Selth. In this book he presents an account of the structure and functions of Myanmar's deep state, along with a tale of personal ambition, rivalry and ruthless power politics worthy of John Le Carre. A thoroughly educative, entertaining and intriguing read." - Professor Michael Wesley.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #11: Between Social Services And Tolerance: Explaining Religious Dynamics In MuhammadiyahTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #11: Between Social Services And Tolerance: Explaining Religious Dynamics In Muhammadiyah by Ahmad Najib Burhani

Muhammadiyah, together with the Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), are seen as the two pillars of moderate Islam in Indonesia. Muhammadiyah is currently often perceived to be the more conservative of the two and to have more affinity with Islamist groups. Muhammadiyah remains a social movement guided by its long-held theology of al-Ma`un (kindness) and with a strong emphasis on social services. It is this doctrine that has prevented Muhammadiyah from dwelling on mythical or abstract issues and neutralized it against Islamism, making its members more realistic in viewing the world. The "pragmatic Islamism" that Muhammadiyah has adopted allows it to handle social dynamics well.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #10: Interreligious Conflict And The Politics Of Interfaith Dialogue In MyanmarTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #10: Interreligious Conflict And The Politics Of Interfaith Dialogue In Myanmar by Nyi Nyi Kyaw

Amidst successive episodes of interreligious violence in Myanmar between 2012 and 2014, interfaith dialogue emerged as a crucial conflict resolution and prevention mechanism. The present National League for Democracy administration has more actively sought to engage in intrafaith promotion of Buddhism and in interfaith peace and harmony initiatives. Although the National League for Democracy has largely eliminated Buddhist nationalist groups such as Ma Ba Tha, Buddhist identity politics remains influential after the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army's attacks in Rakhine State in 2016 and 2017 and the consequent refugee crisis. Although extreme anti-Muslim Buddhist identity politics may not see a resurgence in the approach to the 2020 general elections, it may come back in more nuanced forms. Interfaith dialogue and other training and activities for interreligious peace and harmony will thus remain relevant to the political scene.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #09: The Significance Of Everyday Access To Justice In Myanmar'sTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #09: The Significance Of Everyday Access To Justice In Myanmar's by Kyed, Helene M.; Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung

Legal pluralism in Myanmar is a reality that is not sufficiently recognized. A lack of recognition of and clear mandates for the informal justice providers, along with the absence of coordination between these providers and the judiciary, present critical challenges to local dispute resolution and informal legal systems. Discussion of reform of the justice sector in Myanmar and debates surrounding peace negotiations and the role of the ethnic armed groups in service provision are separated. This situation reinforces the divide between ceasefire areas and the rest of the country and raises concern that the improvement of justice systems will leave conflict-affected populations behind. Recognition of and support for community-based dispute resolution are crucial to reducing the escalation of conflict at the local level. Justice systems like those of ethnic armed groups can contribute significantly to stability and order at times when the official system has limited territorial reach and is mistrusted by civilians.

Myanmar Media In Transition: Legacies, Challenges And ChangeMyanmar Media In Transition: Legacies, Challenges And Change by Brooten, L; Jm Mcelhone & G. Venkiteswaran (Eds.)

This is the first volume to overview the country's contemporary media landscape, providing a critical assessment of the sector during the complex and controversial political transition. Moving beyond the focus on journalism and freedom of the press that characterizes many media-focused volumes, the book also explores developments in fiction, filmmaking, social movement media and social media. Documenting changes from both academic and practitioner perspectives, the twenty-one chapters reinforce the volume's theoretical arguments by providing on-the-ground, factual and experiential data intended to open useful dialogue between key stakeholders in the media, government and civil society sectors.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #07: Whither Myanmar's Garment Sector?Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #07: Whither Myanmar's Garment Sector? by Freeman, Nick J.

The EU has threatened to suspend Generalized Scheme of Preferences (GSP) status for Myanmar, under which the country's exports can enter Europe without any tariffs or quotas. The official reason cited by the EU is a growing concern over human rights violations and issues around labour rights in Myanmar. Whether or not the EU decides to withdraw GSP status, Myanmar's garment sector faces a number of challenges. How Myanmar's policymakers and garment industry leaders respond to global industry trends will be just as important, in the long run, in determining the sector's commercial sustainability.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #06: Military Capitalism In Myanmar: Examining The Origins, Continuities And Evolution Of Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #06: Military Capitalism In Myanmar: Examining The Origins, Continuities And Evolution Of "Khaki Capital" by Mccarthy, Gerard

Military enterprises, ostensibly set up to feed and supply soldiers, were some of the earliest and largest Burmese commercial conglomerates, established in the 1950s. Union Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited (UMEHL) and Myanmar Economic Corporation (MEC) are two profit-seeking military enterprises established by the military after the dissolution of the Burma Socialist Programme Party in 1988, which remain central players in Myanmar's post-2011 economy. Military conglomerates are a major source of off-budget revenue for the military and a main employer of retired soldiers. Yet few veterans receive more than a small piece of the profits from UMEHL. The vast bulk of formal dividends instead disproportionately benefit higher ranking officers and institutions within the Tatmadaw. More balanced civil-military relations, and fairer social outcomes for military personnel, will rely on civilian-led state institutions delivering effective and substantive welfare support beyond the commercially oriented welfare arrangements of military conglomerates.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #01: Emerging Political Configurations In The Run-Up To The 2020 Myanmar ElectionsTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #01: Emerging Political Configurations In The Run-Up To The 2020 Myanmar Elections by Aung Aung

While facing international pressures relating to Rakhine State, and under tense civil-military relations, political parties are preparing for the 2020 Myanmar general elections. The National League for Democracy (NLD), the ruling party, is taking a more democratic platform focusing on the creation of a democratic federal union, while the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) adopts a more nationalist approach, emphasizing the prevention of foreign interference regarding Rakhine State. Taking lessons from the 2015 Myanmar general elections, and in order to effectively contend with the NLD and the USDP, the ethnic political parties are at the same time merging into single parties and new political parties are now also being registered at the Union Election Commission. The current situation indicates more uncertainty in politics and economic downturns, and many indicators suggest that the NLD is now in a defensive position. But be that as it may, because of Aung San Suu Kyi's personality cult following and the ingrained hatred for the military dictatorship, the NLD is still expected to receive the majority seats in Bamar-dominated regions. It may be at risk in ethnic-dominated states nevertheless.

Giving AlmsGiving Alms by Khin Chan Myae Maung

Giving Alms gifts us three short stories based on the narratives of the people of Myanmar. Carefully revealing the hidden intricacies of human vulnerability and pain in society, these stories reflect on how a society heals and resolves resentment after years of social and political oppression. Each story takes on different dualities-desire and duty, denial and acceptance, indifference and sympathy-against the harsh landscape of Burmese society.

Long Path To Wisdom: Tales From BurmaLong Path To Wisdom: Tales From Burma by Sendker, Jan-Philipp

This charming collection of folktales that offers a window into Burma's fascinating history and culture. These moving stories speak to the rich mythology of the diverse peoples of Burma, the spirituality of humankind, and the profound social impact of Buddhist thought. Some are so strange the author couldn't classify them or identify a familiar moral, while others reminded him of the fairy tales of his childhood, except that here monkeys, tigers, elephants, and crocodiles inhabited the fantastic lands instead of hedgehogs, donkeys, or geese. Their morals resemble those of the Brothers Grimm or Hans Christian Andersen, illustrating how all cultures draw on a universal wisdom to create their myths.

Democratic Transition In Myanmar: Challenges And The Way ForwardDemocratic Transition In Myanmar: Challenges And The Way Forward by Aung San Suu Kyi

The 43rd Singapore Lecture was delivered by Her Excellency Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, on 21 August 2018 under the distinguished Chairmanship of Mr Teo Chee Hean, Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security, Singapore.

Myanmar Transformed: People, Places And PoliticsMyanmar Transformed: People, Places And Politics by Chambers, Justine; G. Mccarthy Et Al (Eds.)

The triumph of Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy at the 2015 election was supposed to mark the consolidation of a reformist trajectory for Myanmar society. What has followed has not proved so straightforward. This book takes stock of the mutations, continuities and fractures at the heart of today's political and economic transformations. We ask: What has changed under a democratically elected government? Where are the obstacles to reform? And is there scope to foster a more prosperous and inclusive Myanmar? With the peace process faltering, over 1 million people displaced by recent violence, and ongoing army dominance in key areas of decision-making, the chapters in this volume identify areas of possible reform within the constraints of Myanmar's hybrid civil-military governance arrangements.

Other Ladies Of Myanmar, TheOther Ladies Of Myanmar, The by Rigby, Jennifer

In Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi is often not called by her name. Instead, she is just "The Lady", an honorific nickname that signifies her place in the collective imagination of her country. And from global human rights icon to Myanmar's de facto leader, she is certainly a towering figure. But The Lady's reputation has only tarnished in recent years in the face of the persecution of her country's Rohingya minority. In this new book, we present some of Myanmar's other ladies: women from across the social spectrum who are changing their country, and its perceptions of gender, from the ground up. From the artist who defied the junta to hand out sanitary towels at her exhibition, to the Muslim campaigner who has already spent a quarter of her life in prison; from the feminist Buddhist nun to the pop star who gets called a whore for performing; these are the voices of The Other Ladies of Myanmar.

Daughter, The: A Political Biography Of Aung San Suu KyiDaughter, The: A Political Biography Of Aung San Suu Kyi by Zoellner, Hans-Bernd, Rodio Ebbighausen

As the Rohingya crisis exploded, observers of Myanmar were shocked to see Aung San Suu Kyi, champion for the causes of liberal democracy and human rights, stand by as atrocities tore apart the western reaches of her country. This is an in-depth exploration of this icon-turned-leader and of the people, ideas, and experiences that have shaped her political identity. What emerges is not a shift in ideology but a consistent picture of the contrasts and multidimensionality that have defined her-prisoner and leader, principled resistor and pragmatic politician, the Lady and Mother Suu. Translated and updated from the original German, this is essential reading for professionals, journalists, and other observers seeking to understand Aung San Suu Kyi's role in Myanmar.

Asean+3 Bond Market Guide 2018: MyanmarAsean+3 Bond Market Guide 2018: Myanmar by Asian Development Bank

This Bond Market Guide provides an update for current and future domestic, regional, and international market participants on the tremendous developments in the Myanmar securities market. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar began to emphasize the development of its financial and capital markets in 2008. Much has been achieved since then.

Developing Renewable Energy Mini-Grids In Myanmar: A GuidebookDeveloping Renewable Energy Mini-Grids In Myanmar: A Guidebook by Asian Development Bank

This guidebook shares training materials and knowledge on mini-grid development for rural electrification. It documents experiences and lessons learned from developing 12 pilot mini-grid systems for off-grid energy access in Myanmar. This guidebook documents the experiences and lessons learned from developing 12 pilot mini-grid systems for off-grid energy access in Myanmar. Unelectrified rural communities typically located 10 kilometers from the national grid and without prospects of being connected to the grid in the next 5 to 10 years have been chosen for the project. This guidebook shares training materials and knowledge on the major aspects of mini-grid development for rural electrification.

Buddhism, Politics And Political Thought In MyanmarBuddhism, Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar by Walton, Matthew J.

This is the first book to provide a broad overview of the ways in which Buddhist ideas have influenced political thinking and politics in Myanmar. Matthew J. Walton draws extensively on Burmese language sources from the last 150 years to describe the 'moral universe' of contemporary Theravada Buddhism that has anchored most political thought in Myanmar. In explaining multiple Burmese understandings of notions such as 'democracy' and 'political participation', the book provides readers with a conceptual framework for understanding some of the key dynamics of Myanmar's ongoing political transition. Some of these ideas help to shed light on restrictive or exclusionary political impulses, such as anti-Muslim Buddhist nationalism or scepticism towards the ability of the masses to participate in politics. Walton provides an analytical framework for understanding Buddhist influences on politics that will be accessible to a wide range of readers and will generate future research and debate.