Social Issues

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Social Change In An Urban Neighbourhood In Klang: A Case StudySocial Change In An Urban Neighbourhood In Klang: A Case Study by Jayanath Appudurai; Lian Kwen Fee

Urbanisation has transformed the social structure of Malaysian society since the 1970s. The Malays, a rural and peasant-based society in the 1950s, are now an integral part of urban society and constitute significant parts of the middle and working classes. The Indians, semi-rural and semi-urban in the past, are now a full blown urban proletariat. This case study is the first attempt to examine the socio-economic and political consequences of two ethnic groups of rural origins - one peasant and the other a plantation economy - now incorporated into an industrial economy and constituting an urban proletariat. This urban working class, neglected by the government in the past, has gained in importance over the years and has emerged as a politically significant influence in Malaysian politics.

Women, Policy And Political Leadership: Regional Perspectives In Today's WorldWomen, Policy And Political Leadership: Regional Perspectives In Today's World by Hofmeister, Wilhelm; M. Sarmah; D. Kaur (Eds.)

This is a conference proceedings arising from a regional meeting of female parliamentarians on 16-17 October 2014, in Singapore. In addition to wide-ranging discussion on the theme of strengthening women's political leadership, other issues and challenges examined by the politically active writers include securing equal political and economic power between women and men, the gender pay gap, and the elimination of child marriage as well as other forms of gender-based violence.

Concept Of A Hero In Malay SocietyConcept Of A Hero In Malay Society by Shaharuddin Maaruf

This book attempts to study the Malay conception of the hero as projected by the ruling class in Malaysia. It provides readers with a better understanding of Malay politics and cultural life.

Simple Tips For Happy Kids: A Simple Adventure To Happier Families (Revised Edition)Simple Tips For Happy Kids: A Simple Adventure To Happier Families (Revised Edition) by Ho-Huan, Jenni

This book helps parents to focus on the basic but essential ideas that are critical to a happy and successful parenting experience. The simple, easy-to-do, yet fundamentally sound, ideas will help parents better understand how to bring up and nurture confident and happy children.

Population Of Malaysia, The (Second Edition)Population Of Malaysia, The (Second Edition) by Saw Swee-Hock

The second edition of this book presents a most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the multiracial population of Malaysia, with painstaking effort and skill of the author in interpreting the vast array of materials and statistics at his disposal. The strength of the book lies in the authors deep familiarity with the country where he was educated up to secondary level, taught for some time in the University of Malaya, and was even involved in the planning of population censuses. The book is indispensable to policy-makers and social scientists who wish to seek a greater understanding of the demographic issues facing the country.

Give & Take: Writings On The Malaysian Chinese CommunityGive & Take: Writings On The Malaysian Chinese Community by Sim, Rita; Fui K. Soong

This book begins with seemingly Chinese-centric issues, but they dissolve gradually into what are essentially issues that effect all communities in this multicultural nation: racial integration and disintegration; myths and misconceptions; connectedness and a sense of belonging; how to bring the community together; the need for a strong leadership that will act as a "strong negotiator" to represent and champion the community; and the search for common ground that a multicultural society can stand on. Worry over deterioration or loss of values, the collapse of the extended family and the dilution or hybridisation of tradition, presented from the Chinese perspective, may seem like race-specific problems, but they are actually human ones. -- extract from Message from Datuk Abdul Jalil Hamid

Climate Risks, Regional Integration, And Sustainability In The Mekong RegionClimate Risks, Regional Integration, And Sustainability In The Mekong Region by Louis Lebel, Chu Thai Hoanh Et Al

Rapid economic growth coupled with current and projected climate risks are challenging livelihoods and ecosystems in the Mekong region. In this book, the Sustainable Mekong Research Network brings together multi-country studies, each of which included significant engagement with boundary partners, to analyze the impacts of, and ways to adapt to, climate risks and unsustainable growth in a highly interdependent region.

Social Cohesion: Addressing Social Divide In Europe And AsiaSocial Cohesion: Addressing Social Divide In Europe And Asia by Hofmeister, Wilhelm; Patrick Rueppel Et. Al.

This publication addresses issues concerning social cohesion in both Europe and Asia. Subject matter experts from Europe and Asia examine the underlying factors affecting the degree of social cohesion and civic engagement in a number of countries, including the impact of globalisation, increasing multi-culturalism, the working poor, increasing income inequality, social polarisation etc. The papers consider a number of policy initiatives implemented in various countries, assess their effectiveness and proposes policy changes.

Second Chance: A Runner's Story Of Heart Attack And StrokeSecond Chance: A Runner's Story Of Heart Attack And Stroke by Goh Chor Boon

Each year, a few thousands of Singaporeans had the unfortunate encounter with heart attacks and strokes. Increasingly, younger adults below 50 years are adding to the statistics. The alarming matter is that a good number of these folks are people who exercise regularly, or at least they claimed to do so. This book is about a runner's story of his experience with heart attack and stroke. Readers can learn about his trials and tribulations in facing up with the odds and eventually to be running again.

Gender And Ageing: Southeast Asian PerspectivesGender And Ageing: Southeast Asian Perspectives by Devasahayam, Theresa W. (Ed.)

This book examines common themes related to gender and ageing in countries in Southeast Asia. It reveals how ageing has become tempered by globalization, cultural values, family structures, women's emancipation and empowerment, social networks, government policies, and religion. Because the book employs a cross-country analysis, readers gain an understanding of contemporary emergent trends not only in each of the countries but also in Southeast Asia as a whole.

Famine Politics In Maoist China And The Soviet UnionFamine Politics In Maoist China And The Soviet Union by Wemheuer, Felix

During the twentieth century, 80 percent of all famine victims worldwide died in China and the Soviet Union. Felix Wemheuer analyzes the historical and political roots of these socialist-era famines, in which overambitious industrial programs endorsed by Stalin and Mao Zedong created greater disasters than those suffered under prerevolutionary regimes. Focusing on famine as a political tool, Wemheuer systematically exposes how conflicts about food among peasants, urban populations, and the socialist state resulted in the starvation death of millions.

Tombois And Femmes: Defying Gender Labels In IndonesiaTombois And Femmes: Defying Gender Labels In Indonesia by Blackwood, Evelyn

This book offers a compelling view of sexual and gender difference through the everyday lives of tombois and their girlfriends ("femmes") in the city of Padang, West Sumatra. Tombois are masculine females who identify as men and desire women; their girlfriends view themselves as normal women who desire men. Through rich, in-depth, and provocative stories, author Evelyn Blackwood shows how these same-sex Indonesian couples negotiate transgressive identities and desires and how their experiences speak to the struggles and desires of sexual and gender minorities everywhere.

Toms & Dees: Transgender Identity And Female Same-Sex Relationship In ThailandToms & Dees: Transgender Identity And Female Same-Sex Relationship In Thailand by Sinnott, Megan J.

A vibrant, growing, and highly visible set of female identities has emerged in Thailand known as tom and dee. A tom refers to a masculine woman who is sexually involved with a feminine partner, or dee. The patterning of female same-sex relationships into masculine and feminine pairs, coupled with the use of English-derived terms to refer to them, is found throughout East and Southeast Asia. Have the forces of capitalism facilitated the dissemination of Western-style gay and lesbian identities throughout the developing world as some theories of transnationalism suggest? Is the emergence of toms and dees over the past twenty-five years a sign that this has occurred in Thailand? Megan Sinnott engages these issues by examining the local culture and historical context of female same-sex eroticism and female masculinity in Thailand. Drawing on a broad spectrum of anthropological literature, Sinnott situates Thai tom and dee subculture within the global trend of increasingly hybridized sexual and gender identities.

Third Sex, The: Kathoey-Thailand's LadyboysThird Sex, The: Kathoey-Thailand's Ladyboys by Totman, Richard

The Kathoey, Thailand's Ladyboys, have long been part of Thailand's cultural landscape. Richard Totman introduces three ladyboys, and follows their development towards becoming fully fledged kathoey. Placing their lives in the context of the cultural, historical, religious, biological and psychological aspects of trans-gender. The kathoey serve as part of a wider discussion on trans-gender, and the presence of 'third-sex' groups in many ancient communities, originating in beliefs that pre-date doctrinaire religion. If the existence of a 'third sex' is a universal norm, is Western society repressed while the Thais represent a norm in nature?

New South Asian Feminisms: Paradoxes And PossibilitiesNew South Asian Feminisms: Paradoxes And Possibilities by Srila Roy (Ed.)

South Asian Feminism is in crisis. Under constant attack from right-wing nationalism and religious fundamentalism and co-opted by 'NGO-ization' and neoliberal state agendas, once autonomous and radical forms of feminist mobilization have been ideologically fragmented and replaced. It is time to rethink the feminist political agenda for the predicaments of the present. This timely volume provides an original and unprecedented exploration of the current state of South Asian feminist politics. It will map the new sites and expressions of feminism in the region today, addressing issues like disability, Internet technologies, queer subjectivities and violence as everyday life across national boundaries, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Written by young scholars from the region, this book addresses the generational divide of feminism in the region, effectively introducing a new 'wave' of South Asian feminists that resonates with feminist debates everywhere around the globe.

Migration, Health And InequalityMigration, Health And Inequality by Felicity Thomas; Jasmine Gideon (Eds.)

Should migrants have the same rights as citizens to health care services? What do we mean by rights and by health? And how do we uphold such rights when diasporic networks provide a diversity of opportunities and constraints for people seeking to maintain or restore their health? Answering these pressing questions, this book highlights recent developments in the areas of migration, human rights and health from a range of countries. Looking at diverse health issues, from HIV to reproductive and maternal health, and a variety of forms of migration, including asylum seeking, labour migration and trafficking, this timely volume exposes the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of different mobile groups as they seek to uphold their wellbeing. Migration, Health and Inequality argues that we need to look beyond host country responses and biomedical frameworks and include both the role of transnational health networks and indigenous, popular or lay ideas about health when trying to understand why many migrants suffer from low levels of health relative to their host population. Offering a broad range of linkages between migrant agency, transnationalism and diaspora mechanisms, this unique collection also looks at the impact of migrant health on the health and rights of those communities that are left behind.

Anti-Porn: The Resurgence Of Anti-Pornography FeminismAnti-Porn: The Resurgence Of Anti-Pornography Feminism by Julia Long

Anti-porn feminism is back. Countering the ongoing 'pornification' of Western culture and society, with lads' mags on the middle shelf and lap-dancing clubs in residential areas, anti-porn movements are re-emerging among a new generation of feminist activists worldwide. This essential new guide to the problems with porn starts with a history of modern pro and anti political stances before examining the ways in which the new arguments and campaigns around pornography are articulated, deployed and received. Drawing on original ethnographic research, it provides an in-depth analysis of the groups campaigning against the pornography industry today, as well as some eye-opening facts about the damage porn can do to women and society as a whole. This unique and inspiring book explains the powerful comeback of anti-porn feminism, and it controversially challenges liberal perspectives and the mainstreaming of a porn culture that threatens to change the very nature of our intimate relationships.

Unplanned Development: Tracking Change In South East AsiaUnplanned Development: Tracking Change In South East Asia by Rigg, Jonathan

Unplanned Development offers a fascinating and fresh view into the realities of development planning. While to the outsider most development projects present themselves as thoroughly planned endeavours informed by structure, direction and intent, Jonathan Rigg exposes the truth of development experience that chance, serendipity, turbulence and the unexpected define development around the world. Based on rich empirical sources from South-East Asia, Unplanned Development sustains a unique general argument in making the case for chance and turbulence in development. Identifying chance as a leading factor in all development planning, the book contributes to a better way of dealing with the unexpected and asks vital questions on the underlying paradoxes of development practice.

Culture, Development And Social Theory: Towards An Integrated Social DevelopmentCulture, Development And Social Theory: Towards An Integrated Social Development by Clammer, John

Culture, Development and Social Theory places culture back at the centre of debates in development studies. It introduces new ways of conceptualizing culture in relation to development by linking development studies to cultural studies, studies of social movements, religion and the notion of 'social suffering'. The author expertly argues that in the current world crises it is necessary to recover a more holistic vision of development that creates a vocabulary linking more technical (and predominantly economic) aspects of development with more humanistic and ecological goals. Any conception of post-capitalist society, he argues, requires cultural, as well as economic and political, dimensions.

Biopiracy Watch: A Compilation Of Some Recent Cases (2013)Biopiracy Watch: A Compilation Of Some Recent Cases (2013) by Hammond, Edward

The biopiracy of genetic resources including seeds, medicinal plants and microbes, as well as of the traditional knowledge of uses of those resources from developing countries, has been going on for too long. There was hope that the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity would reduce, even prevent, biopiracy and further ensure that the benefits from the utilisation of genetic resources will be shared fairly and equitably with the countries, indigenous peoples and local communities concerned. The Convention being inadequate since it came into force in 1994, several years of new negotiations resulted in the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing to the Convention in 2010. In the meantime, biopiracy is unabated. This compilation of recent papers on biopiracy published by Third World Network describes cases that span the developing world, from African and Middle Eastern medicinal plants to South American fruit, to Asian microbes, among others.