Politics & Economics

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Can Singapore Fall? Making The Future For SingaporeCan Singapore Fall? Making The Future For Singapore by Lim Siong Guan

Lim Siong Guan, Singapore's former Head of Civil Service (1999-2005) was the Institute of Policy Studies' 4th S. R. Nathan Fellow for the Study of Singapore. This book contains edited versions of the three IPS-Nathan Lectures he gave between September and November 2017, and highlights of his dialogue with the audience. Lim addresses the question, "Can Singapore Fall?", by examining the state of Singapore today and proposing what Singapore and Singaporeans must do in order to prevent economic and social decline. Taking inspiration from Sir John Glubb's essay, The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival, Lim urges Singaporeans to counter decline by observing the "three legs of honour": Trust, Diversity, and Excellence. These include becoming a gracious society and building up a culture of innovation, excellence and outwardness.

Does Asean Matter? A View From WithinDoes Asean Matter? A View From Within by Natalegawa, Marty

Written by the highly regarded diplomat Marty Natalegawa, former ambassador and foreign minister of Indonesia, this book offers a unique insider-perspective on the present and future relevance of ASEAN. It is about ASEAN's quest for security and prosperity in a region marked by complex dynamics of power. Namely, the interplay of relations and interests among countries - large and small - which provide the settings within which ASEAN must deliver on its much-cited leadership and centrality in the region. The book seeks to answer the following questions: How can ASEAN build upon its past contributions to the peace, security and prosperity of Southeast Asia, to the wider East Asia, the Asia-Pacific and the Indo-Pacific regions? More fundamentally and a sine qua non, how can ASEAN continue to ensure that peace, security and prosperity prevail in Southeast Asia? And, equally central, how can ASEAN become more relevant to the peoples of ASEAN, such that its contributions can be genuinely felt in making better the lives of its citizens?

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #19: Agriculture In Johor: What's Left?Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #19: Agriculture In Johor: What's Left? by Pakiam, Geoffrey Kevin

Despite decades of industrialization, Johor remains an agricultural powerhouse. The state is Peninsular Malaysia's largest contributor to agricultural gross domestic product, and its official agricultural productivity is Malaysia's third highest. Johor's agricultural strengths lie primarily in product specialization, namely the farming of oil palms, various fruits and vegetables, poultry, pigs, cut flowers, and ornamental fish. Johor's production clusters have taken decades, if not centuries, to build up their regional dominance. Urbanization, often blamed for diminishing agriculture's importance, has actually helped drive Johor's farm growth, even until the present day. Johor's agricultural sector will persist for at least another decade, but may become even more specialized.

Panorama 01/2018: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Political ChangePanorama 01/2018: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Political Change by

In recent years, domestic politics in both Europe and Asia have arguably become less predictable and prone to sudden, unexpected changes. Although domestic volatility is not a new phenomenon in either region, contemporary drivers are analogous and may be a reflection of a new era, with significant implications for both domestic and foreign policies. In this issue, the authors reflect on contemporary changes in the domestic political architectures in both Europe and Asia and analyse causes, drivers, and impacts in order to get a better understanding of political renewal.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #18: U.S. Relations With Southeast Asia In 2018: More Continuity Than ChangeTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #18: U.S. Relations With Southeast Asia In 2018: More Continuity Than Change by Shambaugh, David

The US maintains a comprehensive and robust presence throughout Southeast Asia that has grown dramatically since the 1980s. It includes the commercial, security, education and diplomatic, and other domains. However, this presence is not very well appreciated or reported by regional media, whereas China's presence and influence is pervasive. Most Southeast Asian governments are often reluctant to recognize or publicize the US presence or contributions to regional security, stability, and growth. As US-China competition escalates, Southeast Asia will become an epicentre of this competition. Southeast Asian states and ASEAN must elevate their own emphasis and engagement with the US. The US brings many more strengths and benefits than does China and is a far more comprehensive actor in the region. In particular, it would be helpful if ASEAN and its member states would more publicly recognize the contributions and importance of the US.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #16: Developing Eastern Johor: The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum ComplexTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #16: Developing Eastern Johor: The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex by Serina Rahman

The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex (PIPC) is a huge development that has emerged on the east coast of Johor. Comprising Petronas' largest refinery facility and numerous ancillary and supporting industrial areas, it is pegged to diversify Malaysia's petrochemical industry and reap the benefits of the area's fortunate position on international maritime trade routes. While initial responses to the PIPC development were of concern for Singapore's oil and gas business, the island-nation's long reputation and position in the industry means that the PIPC has some steep learning curves to traverse before coming on par with its southerly neighbour. However, the PIPC is likely to provide a solution to Singapore's limitations in terms of costly services and limited land space. It may also rejuvenate an industry now seen by some SMEs to be somewhat stagnant. While there are myriad global trends that may inhibit the complete success of the PIPC, it seems to be well placed to provide economic spillover benefits for Johor and Malaysia. Even if it does not become a top regional player, it will be able to meet local demands for Euro 5 quality products.

Aspirations With Limitations: Indonesia's Foreign Affairs Under Susilo Bambang YudhoyonoAspirations With Limitations: Indonesia's Foreign Affairs Under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono by Fionna, Ulla; Siwage Dharma Negara Et Al (Eds.)

As the first directly elected Indonesian president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) served at a crucial juncture in Indonesia's history. Succeeding the three short presidencies of BJ Habibie, Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati Sukarnoputri, his presidency had a lot to prove. While critical assessment of SBY's domestic policies have been undertaken, less attention has been paid to his foreign policy. This volume seeks to fill this gap by examining key foreign policy issues during SBY's tenure, including bilateral relations, Indonesia's involvement in international organizations, and pivotal issues such as international labour and terrorism. The book provides an assessment of the direction of his foreign policy and management style, paying particular attention to his concerns over Indonesia's territorial integrity and sovereignty, the significance of international institutions, and Indonesia's right to lead.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #15: State Formation In Riau Islands ProvinceTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #15: State Formation In Riau Islands Province by Amri, Mulya; Faizal Rianto

The formation of the Riau Islands Province (RIP) in 2002 is argued to be part of a broader trend of pemekaran (blossoming) that saw the creation of seven new provinces and more than 100 new districts throughout Indonesia after the fall of the New Order. This article argues that the main motivation for these subnational movements was a combination of rational interests and cultural sentiments. Since becoming its own province, RIP has been performing well and has surpassed Riau, the "parent" province, in multiple aspects including human development, poverty alleviation, and government administration. Despite the usual hiccups such as capacity gaps and corruption, the formation of the Province has been positive in achieving a balance between keeping the country intact while allowing local stakeholders a substantial level of autonomy.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #14: Pancasila And The Challenge Of Political Islam: Past And PresentTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #14: Pancasila And The Challenge Of Political Islam: Past And Present by Suryadinata, Leo

Islam has become an important symbol in post-Suharto Indonesia, and political figures or parties feel they cannot afford to be seen to be against the religion or be considered unfriendly to it. Islamism emerges to challenge Pancasila (or cultural pluralism) again. The future of Pancasila depends on whether the Indonesian government and other pluralist forces are able to control the Islamists and provide political stability and economic development in the country.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #13: The Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #13: The "Free And Open Indo-Pacific" And Implications For Asean by Lee, John

In recent times, the US, Japan and Australia have all promoted extremely similar visions of a Free and Open Indo-Pacific as the central organizing concept to guide their efforts in the region. The concept is essentially a reaffirmation of the security and economic rules-based order which was cobbled together after the Second World War - especially as it relates to freedom of the regional and global commons such as sea, air and cyberspace, and the way nations conduct economic relations. ASEAN and its member states continue to delay any definitive response to the Free and Open Indo-Pacific concept. Although its principles are attractive to many ASEAN member states, long-held conceptions of ASEAN centrality and its meaning gives the organization apparent reason for hesitation. The reality is that while ASEAN and major member states are focused primarily on the risks of action, there are considerable risks of inaction and hesitation. The current era will either enhance or lessen the relevance of ASEAN in the eyes of these three countries in the years ahead depending on how the organisation and its key member states respond.

Daughter, The: A Political Biography Of Aung San Suu KyiDaughter, The: A Political Biography Of Aung San Suu Kyi by Zoellner, Hans-Bernd, Rodio Ebbighausen

As the Rohingya crisis exploded, observers of Myanmar were shocked to see Aung San Suu Kyi, champion for the causes of liberal democracy and human rights, stand by as atrocities tore apart the western reaches of her country. This is an in-depth exploration of this icon-turned-leader and of the people, ideas, and experiences that have shaped her political identity. What emerges is not a shift in ideology but a consistent picture of the contrasts and multidimensionality that have defined her-prisoner and leader, principled resistor and pragmatic politician, the Lady and Mother Suu. Translated and updated from the original German, this is essential reading for professionals, journalists, and other observers seeking to understand Aung San Suu Kyi's role in Myanmar.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #11: Indonesia And China's Belt And Road Initiatives: Perspectives, Issues And ProspectsTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #11: Indonesia And China's Belt And Road Initiatives: Perspectives, Issues And Prospects by Negara, Siwage Dharma; Leo Suryadinata

For Indonesia, which is keen to accelerate its infrastructure development, Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is seen as an opportunity to tap into China's huge financial resources and technological capability. There has however been no concrete BRI project agreed to between China and Indonesia so far. While China considers all projects, including infrastructure projects and economic interactions as part of BRI, Indonesia only considers those infrastructure projects initiated during the Xi Jinping period as BRI projects. Indonesia has offered several broad areas for cooperation under the BRI framework and carefully selected project locations to minimize political risk for the Joko Widodo government. But no agreements have been signed yet as China requires detailed project proposals from Indonesia, which it has apparently not received. What appears to hamper progress are four key issues: the perception of China's economic domination, the ethnic Chinese issue, the Natuna issue, and the mainland Chinese workers issue.

Indonesia In The New World: Globalisation, Nationalism And SovereigntyIndonesia In The New World: Globalisation, Nationalism And Sovereignty by Patunru, Arianto A.; M Pangestu Et Al (Eds.)

Globalisation is more complex than ever. The effects of the global financial crisis and increased inequality have spurred anti-globalisation sentiment in many countries and encouraged the adoption of populist and inward-looking policies. In this volume, leading experts explore key issues around globalisation, nationalism and sovereignty in Indonesia. Topics include the history of Indonesia's engagement with the world, Indonesia's stance on the South China Sea and the re-emergence of nationalism. The book also examines the impact of globalisation on poverty and inequality, labour markets and people, especially women.

Islam In Southeast Asia: Negotiating ModernityIslam In Southeast Asia: Negotiating Modernity by Norshahril Saat (Ed.)

"Islam in the Malay world of Southeast Asia or Islam Nusantara, as it has come to be known, had for a long time been seen as representing the more spiritual and Sufi dimension of Islam, thereby striking a balance between the exoteric and the esoteric. This image of 'the smiling face of Islam' has been disturbed during the last decades with increasing calls for the implementation of Shari'ah, conceived of in a narrow manner, intolerant discourse against non-Muslim communities, and hate speech against minority Muslims such as the Shi'ites. There has also been what some have referred to as the Salafization of Sunni Muslims in the region. The chapters of this volume are written by scholars and activists from the region who are very perceptive of such trends in Malay world Islam and promise to improve our understanding of developments that are sometimes difficult to grapple with." - Professor Syed Farid Alatas

Parti Amanah Negara: Cabaran, Halangan Dan Potensi Sebagai Parti Islam Berpengaruh BerintegritiParti Amanah Negara: Cabaran, Halangan Dan Potensi Sebagai Parti Islam Berpengaruh Berintegriti by Ahmad Lutfi Othman

Penubuhan Parti Amanah menimbulkan pelbagai salah faham dan tafsiran yang menyimpang. Para pemimpinnya dianggap golongan kecewa yang tidak dapat menerima kekalahan dalam Muktamar Pas 2015. Mereka dilabel pengkhianat, khadam DAP, malah "difatwakan darah halal dan wajar dihapuskan". Ia juga dijangka tidak dapat bertahan lama. Namun begitu Amanah dilihat pengkaji politik sebagai parti masa depan yang cukup berpotensi dan berperanan besar menangani faham ekstremisme yang semakin merebak. Pendekatannya yang sederhana, membawa mesej Islam yang progresif, juga bersikap peduli rakyat dan insklusif. Buku ini cuba menjawab berbagai-bagai persoalan dan keraguan yang timbul serta membawa penjelasan daripada pengasas Amanah sendiri.

Mengapa Mahathir?Mengapa Mahathir? by Ahmad Lutfi Othman

PRU14 ibu segala pilihan raya, medan tempur sengit dan tragis. Korbannya juga diangka besar. Buat pertama kali, gabungan pembangkang sepakat menamakan Dr. Mahathir Mohamad calon perdana menteri. Mahathir, sosok pelbagai dimensi, dihormati juga digeruni, disanjung sekaligus diwaspadai, diharap membina semula negara yang rosak teruk namun turut diingati kerana ada sisi gelapnya dalam era 22 tahun. PAS pula membawa tanda soal, siapa mendapat manfaat daripada penyertaannya sebagai blok ketiga dalam PRU14? Benarkah mengundinya hanya sia-sia? Kingmaker untuk Cash is King?

Authoritarian Populism In Malaysia Autocrats Vs The PeopleAuthoritarian Populism In Malaysia Autocrats Vs The People by Munro-Kua, Anne

Anne's 1993 PhD thesis, 'Authoritarian Populism in Malaysia', published in 1996 by Macmillan was ahead of its time in its theoretical and political conceptualization of this current world-wide phenomenon. She has updated her thesis as a reminder of this Malaysian variant of authoritarian populism and its consequences. Apart from the toxic effects of populism on ethnic relations, authoritarianism has cost the country billions through financial scandals including the current 1MDB losses. Clearly, good governance and populism cannot coexist. This book demonstrates how populism in Malaysia is long established and has been sustained ever since the New Economic Policy that came into force in the post-May 13, 1969 period. The Malaysian variant is a populism that is based on a call for ethnic entitlement ('Bumiputeraism') and one that has become increasingly Islamic in recent years. Anne's thesis also contains one of the most thorough expositions of the politics surrounding detention without trial and other repressive laws in Malaysia.

Budi KritikBudi Kritik by Mohamed Imran M. Taib & Nurul F. Johari (Eds.)

Budi Kritik is a compilation of 22 essays written by young writers - academics, researchers, community organisers and social activists - touching on five main themes relevant to Singapore Malays: (1) culture, language and literature; (2) religion, tradition and reform; (3) identity, race and gender; (4) inter- and intrafaith diversity; and (5) sociopolitics, thought and education.

Thai Military Power: A Culture Of Strategic AccomodationThai Military Power: A Culture Of Strategic Accomodation by Raymond, Gregory Vincent

Thailand remains important by virtue of its location at the centre of the Asia-Pacific region, an area playing a vital role in world affairs. And yet, although Thailand has a comparatively large population and has powerful military forces performing significant roles in state and society, the country itself is seen as having little military power; it is a minor player. Why is this? Using strategic culture as an analytical framework, this book produces a portrait of the Thai state as an accommodative actor. During the period of Western imperial dominance in Asia, Thailand `bent in the wind' to preserve its independence by a limited trading of territory and sovereignty. This accommodative policy continues to the present day in different forms. A key feature is that military organisational culture reinforces a state ideology of royalist nationalism that in turn reinforces the national strategic culture. Significant here is internal political acceptance of not just military domination in civil-military relations but also of the Thai military's limitations in state-on-state combat.

Rising China, Resilient Japan, Resourceful Asean: Selected Writings Of Lee Poh Ping On East Asian International RelationsRising China, Resilient Japan, Resourceful Asean: Selected Writings Of Lee Poh Ping On East Asian International Relations by Ngeow Chow-Bing; Kuik Cheng-Chwee (Eds.)

The late Professor Lee Poh Ping had an active and distinguished scholarly career in Malaysia spanning at least five decades. His academic interests included studies of the ethnic Chinese communities in Malaya/Malaysia and Singapore, their historical and contemporary relations with China, Japan-Southeast Asia relations, Malaysia's politics and foreign policy, and international relations in the Asia-Pacific. This book is a collection of some of Lee's popular commentary writings and some of the more serious, but still accessible to the reading public, academic articles, on these issues.