Politics & Economics

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End Of Umno?, The: Essay On Malaysia's Former Dominant Party (New And Expanded Post-Ge14 Ed.)End Of Umno?, The: Essay On Malaysia's Former Dominant Party (New And Expanded Post-Ge14 Ed.) by Welsh, Bridget

What is the future of Malaysia's former dominant party, the United Malays National Organisation or UMNO? With the loss of government in the May 2018 General Election (GE14) after 61 years in government, the party faces a different, more uncertain future. It is grappling with its new role in the national political opposition and continued questions about the leadership of former prime minister Najib Tun Razak. This collection is an expanded edition of the original 2016, The End of UMNO? It includes the original five essays (including the foreword by current Foreign Minister in the Pakatan Harapan government and former UMNO Supreme Council member Saifuddin Abdullah), as well as new post-GE14 epilogue essays by each of the contributors - John Funston, Clive Kessler, James Chin and Bridget Welsh, all prominent and established scholars studying Malaysian politics. It also includes a new foreword by veteran UMNO leader, Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah, who contested for the party presidency in the June 2018 party elections. The contributors in this collection study developments in Malaysia's dominant party, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and discuss the question of whether UMNO is in fact at an end.

Anatomy Of An Electoral TsunamiAnatomy Of An Electoral Tsunami by Lim Teck Ghee; S. Thayaparan; Terence Netto

This is a collection of articles by three of Malaysia's most prolific and respected political commentators on the forces which created the historic GE14 result in 2018.

Dividing Asean And Conquering The South China Sea: China's Financial Power ProjectionDividing Asean And Conquering The South China Sea: China's Financial Power Projection by O'neill, Daniel C.

The "ASEAN Way" is based on the principle of consensus; any individual member state effectively has a veto over any proposal with which it disagrees. Dividing ASEAN and Conquering the South China Sea analyzes how China uses its influence to divide ASEAN countries in order to prevent them from acting collectively to resolve their territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea. Using comparative case studies of China's relations with Cambodia, the Philippines, and Myanmar, O'Neill argues that the regime type in the country with which China is interacting plays an important role in enhancing or constraining China's ability to influence the governments of developing states within ASEAN and globally. Authoritarian institutions facilitate Chinese influence while democratic institutions inhibit that influence.

Philippine Economy, The: No Longer The East Asian Exception?Philippine Economy, The: No Longer The East Asian Exception? by Clarete, Ramon L.; E. F. Esguerra Et Al (Eds.)

In this volume, a leading group of scholars pose the question, has the Philippine economy rejoined the dynamic East Asian mainstream and, if so, what set of policies and priorities are required to maintain the strong economic momentum of recent years? Successive chapters address issues related to growth and poverty, infrastructure and urbanization, education, health, the environment, energy, development finance, and governance and institutions.

Catharsis: A Second Chance For Democracy In MalaysiaCatharsis: A Second Chance For Democracy In Malaysia by Ooi Kee Beng

Malaysia pulled itself back from the brink on 9 May 2018. That day the majority of its voting population decided to topple the Barisan Nasional government that had been in power for over 60 years and that had come to be seen as corrupt beyond redemption, and incompetent to boot. Lined up against the unpopular administration of Najib Razak was a coalition led by former strongman Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, who at the age of 92 had decided to return to Malaysian politics to stop the rot which many believed had begun during his earlier period in power, in 1981-2003. As the oldest prime minister in world history, he is now setting about creating structure that he believes will lead to a Malaysia that will achieve the Vision 2020 that he first propounded in 1991. This compilation of insightful analyses is Ooi Kee Beng's seventh, and discusses key events from the last five years leading up to 9 May 2018 and beyond. These seven books together cover the strange period we may come to know as the Inter-Mahathir Era, and the present volume discusses some of the challenges facing the new government, and the Malaysian population in general, now that the Barisan Nasional has imploded.

Regime Change In Malaysia: Ge14 And The End Of Umno-Bn's 60-Year RuleRegime Change In Malaysia: Ge14 And The End Of Umno-Bn's 60-Year Rule by Loh, Francis; Anil Netto (Eds.)

This book is a collection of 40-plus essays by 30-plus Malaysians about GE14 on 9 May 2018. It is a record of an unprecedented defeat of the UMNO-BN government, in power since 1957, and its replacement by Pakatan Harapan, a newly formed coalition. These essays discuss the major election issues, the principal actors, the campaign, the results and where we might be headed in the next decade. Regardless of the specifics, GE14 has ushered in Regime Change. We are witnessing change that goes beyond the displacement of one government by another as occurs when a different party takes over in western liberal democracies. Regime Change is more than that in at least three aspects: first, there are changes in the make-up of the socio-economic alliance that is backing up the new government; second, we see changes in the major political institutions, as in the whittling down of the humongous Prime Minister's Department and impending reform of some others like the MACC, the SPR and the civil service, and the replacement of self-serving, inefficient top personnel; and third, the adoption of new policies in public transport, education, labour and welfare concerns or disaster management - which are hopefully more pro-people and less wasteful of resources compared to previous policies.

Rising Moon, The: Political Change In Sarawak, 1959-1972Rising Moon, The: Political Change In Sarawak, 1959-1972 by Leigh, Michael

The Rising Moon was the first in-depth study of the beginnings of modern politics in Sarawak between 1959 and 1972. The plural society of that state offered a stark contrast to that elsewhere in Malaysia, for in Sarawak viable political parties spanned ethnic divisions, a development that had not then taken place in the other parts of the nation. Side-by-side with the development of politics came the integration of Sarawak within Malaysia, and all the attendant tensions that followed from the merging of this its largest state within an expanded federation. The resultant pattern of politics was dynamic, and throughout this phase remained quite tentative due in large part to Indonesian confrontation and the armed activities of the local communist organisation. Amongst the states of Malaysia, Sarawak is unique, as all groups are in a minority, whether they be defined by ethnicity, religion or mother tongue. That necessitated political compromise spanning ethnic, religious and cultural divisions.

1Mdb: The Scandal That Brought Down A Government A Prime Minister, A Whizz Kid And The Biggest Kleptocracy The World Has Ever Known1Mdb: The Scandal That Brought Down A Government A Prime Minister, A Whizz Kid And The Biggest Kleptocracy The World Has Ever Known by P. Gunasegaram & Kinibiz

This book is a gripping account of the biggest, most audacious kleptocracy the world has ever known - over RM40 billion lost or stolen by a corrupt Malaysian government through 1Malaysia Development Berhad or 1MDB. It has all the elements of a Hollywood thriller with a cast featuring a sultan, a prime minister, his high-flying and even more high-spending wife, and a baby-faced whizz kid as the mastermind who was in his late twenties when it all started and who cavorted with actors and socialites such as Leonardo DiCaprio and Paris Hilton on yachts and other expensive places. Despite the Barisan Nasional government going to great lengths to cover up the scandal, it exploded and spread. The people tired of the blatant theft threw BN out in the general elections of 9 May, ending 61 years of uninterrupted BN rule. The book shows how the scandal developed, the way the various embezzlements were executed, traces the money flows and tracks the beneficiaries of a crime which could not go undetected because it was so big. Now, those who are responsible are finally being brought to account through a process which will take years.

Sarawak Report, The: The Inside Story Of The 1Mdb ExposeSarawak Report, The: The Inside Story Of The 1Mdb Expose by Clare Rewcastle Brown

This is the story of the have-nots and the have-yachts,of the failings of globalisation, and how a tiny rainforest campaign derailed the world's largest theft and brought down a government. The Sarawak Report is the stranger-than-fiction tale of how one woman uncovered the world's biggest theft which, in 2018, brought down the Malaysian government. Investigating the deforestation of Sarawak, Borneo, and the dispossession of its people, journalist Clare Rewcastle Brown followed a trail ofcorruption that led her to the heart of Malaysian politics and to Prime Minister Najib Razak himself Determined that the public should know the truth, she started a blog, which became Malaysia's go-to news outlet for information that the government was trying to suppress - and whistleblowers wanted to get out. She was soon running a radio station too. To nail down absolute proof, Rewcastle Brown criss-crossed the globe and, defying danger, pieced together the evidence of the 1MDB scandal- the theft of billions from the country's sovereign wealth fund. Her reporting - exposing the shady dealings of international politicians, finance powerhouses, prominent PR firms, and Hollywood glitterati - convulsed Malaysian politics and reverberated around the world. The US government made its largest ever kleptocracy asset seizure, while banks and bankers fell. Sweeping in scope, The Sarawak Report provides a jaw-dropping behind the-scenes narrative of Malaysia's recent turbulent political struggles, revealing, as never before, how government funded cyber-warfare and fake news operate, and, in an era of threadbare mainstream media, demonstrating that epoch-changing investigative journalism is still possible. It is an urgent account of the reality of globalisation - and the astonishing story of how one person made a difference.

Mythbusting In Vietnam: Facts, Fiction, FantasiesMythbusting In Vietnam: Facts, Fiction, Fantasies by Earl, Catherine (Ed.)

Vietnam is studied and understood in myriad ways. Even so, much of this knowledge is framed by a limited number of dominant paradigms. The concern of this volume - which applies a postmodern approach to knowledge production in area studies - is to highlight the value of knowledge diversity by challenging some of these paradigms and the myths that are shaped within them. The purpose of this volume, thus, is twofold: first, to identify problematic axiomatic knowledge and raise alternative possibilities and, second, to highlight the value of interdisciplinarity and methodologically diverse approaches in expanding and enhancing knowledge production.

State, Ulama And Islam In Malaysia And Indonesia, TheState, Ulama And Islam In Malaysia And Indonesia, The by Norshahril Saat

In response to the Islamic resurgence of the 1970s and beyond, the Suharto and Mahathir governments undertook massive Islamisation programmes in Indonesia and Malaysia respectively. This included co-opting influential religious scholars into state-sponsored institutions. The 'official' ulamas - the religious scholars who participated in these institutions - were expected to support the states' ideologies in exchange for reward and recognition. The State, Ulama and Islam in Malaysia and Indonesia examines the extent to which official ulamas in contemporary Indonesia and Malaysia capitalised on their co-optation to 'capture' the states. By capture, a concept popularized in political economy, the author refers to societal actors' ability to influence laws, policies, and the distribution of resources in their favour. The book examines how policies undertaken by Suharto and Mahathir determine capture successes and failures of official ulama in their respective countries.

Special Relationship In The Malay World: Indonesia And MalaysiaSpecial Relationship In The Malay World: Indonesia And Malaysia by Ho Ying Chan

Ho Ying Chan provides an expert analysis of Malaysia-Indonesia relations. He demystifies the concept of a "special relationship," rescuing it from woolly, sentimental rhetoric that often emanates from political figures and popular commentators. His well-informed study shows how a state's will to survive in the amoral world of international relations drives its conduct even in circumstances of common identities and common strategic interests with other states. He evaluates comparative evidence to shed light on how a special relationship leads to the emergence of a pluralistic security community.

Other Ladies Of Myanmar, TheOther Ladies Of Myanmar, The by Rigby, Jennifer

In Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi is often not called by her name. Instead, she is just "The Lady", an honorific nickname that signifies her place in the collective imagination of her country. And from global human rights icon to Myanmar's de facto leader, she is certainly a towering figure. But The Lady's reputation has only tarnished in recent years in the face of the persecution of her country's Rohingya minority. In this new book, we present some of Myanmar's other ladies: women from across the social spectrum who are changing their country, and its perceptions of gender, from the ground up. From the artist who defied the junta to hand out sanitary towels at her exhibition, to the Muslim campaigner who has already spent a quarter of her life in prison; from the feminist Buddhist nun to the pop star who gets called a whore for performing; these are the voices of The Other Ladies of Myanmar.

Can Singapore Fall? Making The Future For SingaporeCan Singapore Fall? Making The Future For Singapore by Lim Siong Guan

Lim Siong Guan, Singapore's former Head of Civil Service (1999-2005) was the Institute of Policy Studies' 4th S. R. Nathan Fellow for the Study of Singapore. This book contains edited versions of the three IPS-Nathan Lectures he gave between September and November 2017, and highlights of his dialogue with the audience. Lim addresses the question, "Can Singapore Fall?", by examining the state of Singapore today and proposing what Singapore and Singaporeans must do in order to prevent economic and social decline. Taking inspiration from Sir John Glubb's essay, The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival, Lim urges Singaporeans to counter decline by observing the "three legs of honour": Trust, Diversity, and Excellence. These include becoming a gracious society and building up a culture of innovation, excellence and outwardness.

Does Asean Matter? A View From WithinDoes Asean Matter? A View From Within by Natalegawa, Marty

Written by the highly regarded diplomat Marty Natalegawa, former ambassador and foreign minister of Indonesia, this book offers a unique insider-perspective on the present and future relevance of ASEAN. It is about ASEAN's quest for security and prosperity in a region marked by complex dynamics of power. Namely, the interplay of relations and interests among countries - large and small - which provide the settings within which ASEAN must deliver on its much-cited leadership and centrality in the region. The book seeks to answer the following questions: How can ASEAN build upon its past contributions to the peace, security and prosperity of Southeast Asia, to the wider East Asia, the Asia-Pacific and the Indo-Pacific regions? More fundamentally and a sine qua non, how can ASEAN continue to ensure that peace, security and prosperity prevail in Southeast Asia? And, equally central, how can ASEAN become more relevant to the peoples of ASEAN, such that its contributions can be genuinely felt in making better the lives of its citizens?

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #19: Agriculture In Johor: What's Left?Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #19: Agriculture In Johor: What's Left? by Pakiam, Geoffrey Kevin

Despite decades of industrialization, Johor remains an agricultural powerhouse. The state is Peninsular Malaysia's largest contributor to agricultural gross domestic product, and its official agricultural productivity is Malaysia's third highest. Johor's agricultural strengths lie primarily in product specialization, namely the farming of oil palms, various fruits and vegetables, poultry, pigs, cut flowers, and ornamental fish. Johor's production clusters have taken decades, if not centuries, to build up their regional dominance. Urbanization, often blamed for diminishing agriculture's importance, has actually helped drive Johor's farm growth, even until the present day. Johor's agricultural sector will persist for at least another decade, but may become even more specialized.

Panorama 01/2018: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Political ChangePanorama 01/2018: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Political Change by

In recent years, domestic politics in both Europe and Asia have arguably become less predictable and prone to sudden, unexpected changes. Although domestic volatility is not a new phenomenon in either region, contemporary drivers are analogous and may be a reflection of a new era, with significant implications for both domestic and foreign policies. In this issue, the authors reflect on contemporary changes in the domestic political architectures in both Europe and Asia and analyse causes, drivers, and impacts in order to get a better understanding of political renewal.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #18: U.S. Relations With Southeast Asia In 2018: More Continuity Than ChangeTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #18: U.S. Relations With Southeast Asia In 2018: More Continuity Than Change by Shambaugh, David

The US maintains a comprehensive and robust presence throughout Southeast Asia that has grown dramatically since the 1980s. It includes the commercial, security, education and diplomatic, and other domains. However, this presence is not very well appreciated or reported by regional media, whereas China's presence and influence is pervasive. Most Southeast Asian governments are often reluctant to recognize or publicize the US presence or contributions to regional security, stability, and growth. As US-China competition escalates, Southeast Asia will become an epicentre of this competition. Southeast Asian states and ASEAN must elevate their own emphasis and engagement with the US. The US brings many more strengths and benefits than does China and is a far more comprehensive actor in the region. In particular, it would be helpful if ASEAN and its member states would more publicly recognize the contributions and importance of the US.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2018 #16: Developing Eastern Johor: The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum ComplexTrends In Southeast Asia 2018 #16: Developing Eastern Johor: The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex by Serina Rahman

The Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex (PIPC) is a huge development that has emerged on the east coast of Johor. Comprising Petronas' largest refinery facility and numerous ancillary and supporting industrial areas, it is pegged to diversify Malaysia's petrochemical industry and reap the benefits of the area's fortunate position on international maritime trade routes. While initial responses to the PIPC development were of concern for Singapore's oil and gas business, the island-nation's long reputation and position in the industry means that the PIPC has some steep learning curves to traverse before coming on par with its southerly neighbour. However, the PIPC is likely to provide a solution to Singapore's limitations in terms of costly services and limited land space. It may also rejuvenate an industry now seen by some SMEs to be somewhat stagnant. While there are myriad global trends that may inhibit the complete success of the PIPC, it seems to be well placed to provide economic spillover benefits for Johor and Malaysia. Even if it does not become a top regional player, it will be able to meet local demands for Euro 5 quality products.

Networked: Business And Politics In Decentralizing Indonesia, 1998-2004Networked: Business And Politics In Decentralizing Indonesia, 1998-2004 by Prasetyawan, Wahyu

B. J. Habibie may have served the shortest term of any of Indonesia's presidents, but his push for decentralization would affect the country for decades. Habibie came to power in 1998 and immediately set to work restructuring the government. He gave local districts more power, allowing them to elect their own leaders and create their own bylaws. After years of authoritarian rule, these reforms were meant to return power to the people. But that led to local governments engaging in bureaucratic and political conflict with the central government over control of valuable natural resources and the distribution of the revenue they generated. Decentralization became the most important political economic development in Indonesia of the past 30 years. This volume evaluates three cases of deep-seated political conflict and intrigue including central government, local governments, and multinational companies. It looks at how the structure of the national political economy has changed as the result of local politicians becoming involved in disputes with the national government over control of natural resources. It also analyzes how these changes will affect the distribution of wealth in the country as well as Indonesia's evolving democratic politics and modes of governance.