Panorama 01/2016: Refugees And Migration In Asia And Europe by Gorawantschy, Beatrice (Ed.)
This issue of Panorama examines recent refugee-related developments in Asia and Europe, including issues such as implications of refugee movements on societies, migratory flows in South Asia, the unprecedented influx of refugees into European countries, the impact of government policies, and the increasingly divisive social and political repercussions of migration, both regular and irregular.
Rethinking International Institutions: Diplomacy And Impact On Emerging World Order by Hofmeister, Wilhelm; Jan Melissen (Ed.)
This book analyses emerging trends and patterns in 21st-century world politics and re-examines international institutions, and the forms and practices of diplomacy. It addresses these changes from the perspectives of digital governance, setting up of new cooperation institutions such as the AIIB and the role of emerging powers in existing institutions like the G20. It also reflects on whether the existing institutions can be reformed or the new structures will be constructed in the way forward given the recent shift in world power. A case study of security fora in Asia in the current contested environment is also included in this book. The book chapters are selected from the papers presented at the 17th "Asia-Europe Think Tank Dialogue" in September 2015.
Association: A Part Of The World No Longer Apart by Mohamed Bolkiah
Association describes one of the most exciting and inspiring episodes in modern political, economic and social history. It tells how a geographical location known as Southeast Asia, once reputed to be the most dangerous and unstable region on earth, has become the home of ASEAN, the Association of Southeast Asian nations, and a much-admired symbol of regional and international cooperation. It is far more, however, than a political, economic and social history. It is a human story, at the heart of which is the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting, a gathering of regional Foreign Ministers, whose members, ever since its founding, have placed the human agency ahead of all historical and ideological considerations. It is described through the eyes of its longest-serving member, one whose earliest mentors were the Association's Founding Fathers themselves. The book intertwines documentary, academic, artistic and graphic content in an overall tribute to the more than six hundred million people of Southeast Asia.
Sijori Cross-Border Region, The: Transnational Politics, Economic And Culture by Hutchinson, Francis E, Terence Chong (Eds.)
Twenty-five years ago, the governments of Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia agreed to jointly promote the city-state, the state of Johor in Malaysia, and the Riau Islands in Indonesia. Facilitated by common cultural references, a more distant shared history, and complementary attributes, interactions between the three territories developed quickly. Initially economic in nature, the interactions between Singapore, Johor, and the Riau Islands have multiplied and grown deeper. Today, people cross the borders to work, go to school, or avail of an increasing range of goods and services. New political, social, and cultural phenomena have developed. Policymakers in the various territories now need to reconcile economic imperatives and issues of identity and sovereignty. Enabled by their proximity and increasing opportunities, families have also begun to straddle borders, with resulting questions about citizenship and belonging. Using the Cross-Border Region framework - which seeks to analyse these three territories as one entity simultaneously divided and bound together by its borders - this book brings together scholars from a range of disciplines.
Impact Of State Restructuring On Indonesia's Regional Economic Convergence, The by Adiwan Fahlan Aritenang
The creation of ASEAN Free Trade Area in 1992 and decentralization in 1999 mark the state restructuring in Indonesia. This book analyses the impact of state restructuring on regional economic development in Indonesia between 1993 and 2010. Regional economic analysis shows persistent and severe regional disparities throughout the period. Particularly, econometrics study found that decentralization has accelerated regional disparities whilst the AFTA effect is insignificant on regional economic growth.
Trends In Southeast Asia 2016 #07: Thailand's Hyper-Royalism - Its Past Success And Present Predicament by Thongchai Winichakul
Thailand's political impasse in the past decade is partly attributable to the royalist dominance of the parliamentary system, a dominance developed and strengthened under the cultural condition of hyper-royalism. Hyper-royalism is the politico-cultural condition in which royalism is intensified and exaggerated in public and everyday life. It is sanctioned by legislation that controls expressions about the monarchy in the public sphere. Hyper-royalism also generates the illusion that the monarchy is divine, thanks to visual performances and objects, especially through television and majestic pageantry. Accordingly, the ideal monarch is found in King Bhumibol. Given the mortality of Bhumibol, however, future prospects of hyper-royalism and royalist-guided democracy are grim. Thailand's political future is highly uncertain.
South China Sea Dispute, The: Navigating Diplomatic And Strategic Tensions by Storey, Ian; Cheng-Yi Lin (Eds.)
Increasing tensions in the South China Sea have propelled the dispute to the top of the Asia-Pacific's security agenda. Fuelled by rising nationalism over ownership of disputed atolls, growing competition over natural resources, strident assertions of their maritime rights by China and the Southeast Asian claimants, the rapid modernization of regional armed forces and worsening geopolitical rivalries among the Great Powers, the South China Sea will remain an area of diplomatic wrangling and potential conflict for the foreseeable future. Featuring some of the world's leading experts on Asian security, this volume explores the central drivers of the dispute and examines the positions and policies of the main actors, including China, Taiwan, the Southeast Asian claimants, America and Japan.
Trends In Southeast Asia 2016 #06: China's One Belt Road - An Overview Of The Debate by Zhao Hong (Ed.)
The debate over China's One Belt One Road initiative has been lively and at times heated, both in China and internationally. In many ways, this is a reflection of the vagueness of the concept, and of its exceptionality. OBOR does not prioritize trade and investment concessions, which makes it essentially different from traditional regional economic cooperation models such as FTAs, the TPP and the RCEP. Instead, it emphasizes regional infrastructure connectivity. OBOR is viewed by some as an expression of China's grand ambitions to lead Asian economic growth, and by others as a grand strategy to build a "China-dominated Asia". While it may be mainly an economic and trade initiative, its broader consequences have a strong political and security dimension. Hence, China badly needs to cultivate political trust with neighbouring countries if it wishes to convince them that the initiative is a "public" strategy, and not a "conspiratorial" one.
Trends In Southeast Asia 2016 #05: The State Of Local Politics In Indonesia - Survey Evidence From Three Cities by Fossati, Diego
Decentralization reforms in Indonesia have empowered local government with substantial powers. Local politics therefore constitutes a privileged arena for the study of democratic consolidation in this country. This paper analyses a rich, original dataset with survey data from the cities of Medan in North Sumatra, Samarinda in East Kalimantan, and Surabaya in East Java. These three surveys, fielded shortly after the implementation of local direct elections on 9 December 2015, offer an unprecedented opportunity to learn about how various aspects of local politics are experienced by voters. Voters in Medan, Samarinda and Surabaya are rather similar in their evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of local government performance, in their experience of electoral campaigns, in how they account for voting choices and evaluate candidates. However, they also differ in their satisfaction with and trust in local institutions, and in their degree of political interest, participation, and knowledge. The paper concludes with a discussion of the relevance of the finding for our understanding of Indonesian politics.
Do Young People Know Asean? Update Of A Ten-Nation Survey by Thompson, Eric C.; C. Thianthai & M. Thuzar
In 2007, a survey was carried out to gauge young people's awareness of and attitudes towards ASEAN. Views and attitudes from university undergraduates in the ten ASEAN member states who participated in the survey indicated a nascent sense of identification as citizens of the region as well as their priorities for important aspects of regional integration. An update to the 2007 survey was carried out in 2014-15 among the same target population but with an expanded scope of twenty-two universities and institutes of higher learning across the ten member states. This book details the key findings of the updated survey compared to the earlier survey. These include nation-by-nation results and a summary of region-wide trends, as well as what they suggest for the prospects of ASEAN integration beyond 2015. These are assessed in a chapter providing broad recommendations for policymakers and educators in the ASEAN member states.
Asean Looks West: Asean And The Gulf Region by Hermann, Wifried A.; Peter Lehr
This is the first major study analyzing the relationship between ASEAN and the Gulf region. A newly formed international team of eleven scholars and experts from seven different countries under the umbrella of the Thai-registered nonprofit organization Human Development Forum Foundation provides some interesting insights in security and economic developments on both sides of the newly introduced Southern Asian Maritime Corridor stretching from Qatar to the Philippines. What are the major challenges and opportunities for the ASEAN Community and the Gulf region? The scholar team answers these questions by extensively analyzing the strategic framework from an ASEAN perspective, highlighting the three-pillar strategy of the ASEAN Community, and then addressing two major security issues: the maritime component and religious fanaticism.
Contemporary Laos by Kham Vorapheth
This book provides a critical look at obstacles to the development of the Laos state. It explores different facets of its political, economic, societal, and cultural history and focuses on the current period of unfinished transition. It offers an analysis of the geopolitical position of Laos, its relations with the global powers and with its ASEAN partners, and its efforts to maintain equilibrium with Vietnam and China. This book reflects on other themes: How will Laos reach its destiny? Is the coexistence of a state capitalist economy and a particularly rigid political system sustainable in the long term? What role could the Lao diaspora play in the modernization of the country? What are Laos's priorities? Where is Laos heading?
Power Games: Political Blogging In Malaysian National Elections by Han Foong Lian (Ed.)
The unprecedented results of the 2008 national elections took many Malaysians by surprise. The component parties of the ruling coalition suffered huge losses, while the opposition was victorious in several states. In the 2013 election the ruling party turned its spotlight on new media to try to regain voter support. In order to obtain a better understanding of the much-touted democratizing effects of the online media, this book employs an alternative lens to examine the use of new media at the intersection of social and political realities. It explores the ways individual political bloggers, Facebookers and Twitterers used cyberspace to battle for voter support in the 2008 and 2013 national elections. It examines the cultural practices and the social and political affiliation and aims of individual actors, as well as the social ties that subsequently emerged from the use of the online media. This research employs a political economy approach to the media, Habermass notion of the public sphere, and the social determinism perspective in order to understand the extent to which online media can enrich political life and bring about new ways of campaigning.
Trends In Southeast Asia 2016 #04: Myanmar's Foreign Policy Under President U Thein Sein: Non-Aligned And Diversified) by Haacke, Jurgen
Given Myanmar's strategic location and the wider great power competition in Southeast Asia, how the country positions itself vis-à-vis the major powers in the reform era currently under way will have considerable bearing for the international politics of Southeast Asia. Historically, Myanmar's leaders have preferred an independent foreign policy that has also been couched in terms of neutralism and non-alignment. Following considerable tension between the stated principle of non-alignment and the practice of Myanmar's foreign policy under the SLORC/SPDC regime given US pressure on Naypyitaw, Myanmar's threat perceptions vis-à-vis Washington have waned with the shift to the pragmatic, principled and calibrated engagement as favoured by President Obama.
China's Next Strategic Advantage: From Imitation To Innovation by Yip, George S.; Bruce Mckern
The history-making development of the Chinese economy has entered a new phase. China is moving aggressively from a strategy of imitation to one of innovation. Experts George Yip and Bruce McKern explain this epic transformation and propose strategies for both Western and Chinese companies.Yip and McKern provide case studies of successful firms, outline ten ways in which the managerial and innovative capabilities of these firms differ from those of Western firms, and describe how multinationals doing business in China can become part of the Chinese ecosystem of new knowledge and technology. Yip and McKern argue that these innovation capabilities will be the basis for creating world-class products and services to meet the challenges of a new era of global competition.
Singapore In Transition: Hope, Anxiety And Question Marks by Han Fook Kwang
What dark secrets lurk in Singapore's basement? Are Singaporeans a weak people? Do Singaporeans really deserve their wages? Who is more out of touch - the people or their leaders? Why did founding prime minister Lee Kuan Yew change his mind about writing his memoirs? Han Fook Kwang, the former editor of The Straits Times, provides provocative answers to these questions and more, in this collection of 40 commentaries.
Trends In Southeast Asia 2016 #03: Can Myanmar's Nld Government Undo The Gordion Knot Of Federalism And Ethnicity by Taylor, Robert H.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has said that peace is the first priority of the National League for Democracy, NLD, when it comes to power in April 2016. Both her remarks at the Union Peace Conference in January and the NLD election manifesto point to ethnicity and federalism being linked. But as revealed at the Union Peace Conference, that is yet to have happened. Rather, spokespersons for the ethnic armed groups continue to speak the language of ethnic rights and a federal army, while the government talks about reaching material and administrative agreements and the army insists that there can only be one army. In order to break the apparently endless debate about federalism, ethnicity, states and divisions in the Union of Myanmar, perhaps a new approach might be considered - taking federalism a step further to the seventy-four district levels of administration. As the ethnically designated armed groups operate in relatively small and localized areas, a solution that squares the circle between ethnicity and territory might have appeal.
Trade Regionalism In The Asia-Pacific: Developments And Future Challenges by Sanchita Basu Das & Masahiro Kawai (Eds.)
Asian cities are developing at an unparalleled pace, fuelled by the rise in urban population and economic development. With development focused on the production and output of commercial industries, the growth of many cities has overlooked disadvantaged citizens, who remain disconnected to basic amenities, transport services and economic opportunities. The aim of the Vertical Cities Asia International Design Competition and Symposium is to encourage design explorations and research into new urban models for urban environments in Asian cities challenged by the task of providing infrastructural services for all citizens. This fourth edition is themed "Everyone Connects" and investigates potential solutions to the metropolitan fragmentation and the dispersal of informal settlements throughout cities, and the exclusion of certain members of the populace from economic opportunities and social activities.
Burma Spring, The: Aung San Suu Kyi And The New Struggle For The Soul Of A Nation by Pederson, Rena
Award-winning journalist and former State Department speechwriter Rena Pederson brings to light fresh details about the charismatic Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi: the inspiration for Burma's first steps towards democracy. Using exclusive interviews with Suu Kyi since her release from fifteen years of house arrest, as well as recently disclosed diplomatic cables, Pederson uncovers new facets to Suu Kyi's extraordinary story. The Burma Spring will also surprise readers by revealing the extraordinary steps taken by First Lady Laura Bush to help Suu Kyi, and also how former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton injected new momentum into Burma's democratic rebirth.
Alamak! Ii: Whither Integrity? by K.J. John
This is a collection of Dr K.J. John's columns, which examines topical issues in Malaysian society.