Politics & Economics

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Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #16: E-Commerce For Malaysian Smes In Selected Services: Barriers And BenefitsTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #16: E-Commerce For Malaysian Smes In Selected Services: Barriers And Benefits by Tham Siew Yean & Andrew Kam Jia Yi

Findings from a recent survey done to identify the barriers and benefits of e-commerce for Malaysian SMEs in the retail and food and beverage services indicate that both e-commerce adopters and non-adopters are similar in that they perceive the CEO or decision-maker to be the most important factor in the adoption of e-commerce. The perceived benefits focus more on the domestic market than on exports. Getting firms to invest in e-commerce does not automatically lead to export. Exporting via e-commerce requires complementary policies that focus on specific issues, such as digital marketing at the targeted export destination.

Indonesia-Malaysia Dispute Concerning Sovereignty Over Sipadan And Ligitan Islands: Historical Antecedents And The International Court Of Justice JudgmentIndonesia-Malaysia Dispute Concerning Sovereignty Over Sipadan And Ligitan Islands: Historical Antecedents And The International Court Of Justice Judgment by Singh, D S Ranjit

In 2002, ASEAN made history when two of its founder members - Indonesia and Malaysia - amicably settled a dispute over the ownership of the two Bornean islands of Sipadan and Ligitan by accepting the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) which ruled in favour of Malaysia. As both the historical evidence and legal milieu are vital considerations for the ICJ to award sovereignty, this book covers in detail the historical roots of the issue as well as the law dimension pertaining to the process of legal proceedings and the ICJ deliberations. The work concludes by offering a set of guidelines on cardinal principles of international law for successfully supporting a claim to disputed territories.

Madness In The Trenches Of America's Troubled Department Of Veteran AffairsMadness In The Trenches Of America's Troubled Department Of Veteran Affairs by Plate, Andrea

Enter the Kafkaesque world of America's famous but notorious Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), where returning soldiers seek a new start to the rest of their lives. Can they overcome the traumas of war, and military service, if they are also at war with the VA? The answer is both No-government bureaucracy can be as formidable a foe as that on any battlefield or in the barracks-and Yes, given veterans' willingness to face the demons of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), drug addiction and other military-related traumas with the help of fiercely committed social workers, psychologists and healthcare experts.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #15: How Will Shifts In American Foreign Policy Affect Southeast Asia?Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #15: How Will Shifts In American Foreign Policy Affect Southeast Asia? by Daljit Singh

A new phase in US foreign policy, in which China is viewed as a major threat to American economic and security interests, has begun under the Trump administration. The strong anti-China sentiment is accompanied by efforts to "decouple" from China. If carried too far, they will alienate allies and friends whose cooperation the US will need in order to compete with China. In the broader American foreign policy community, there is an intense ongoing debate on how strong the push-back against China should be. Both moderates and hawks agree on the need for a "tougher" approach but differ on the degree and method of toughness. The ongoing adjustments to global policy and strategy will therefore continue as the security focus shifts to the Indo-Pacific region.

Contested Memoryscapes: The Politics Of Second World War Commemoration In SingaporeContested Memoryscapes: The Politics Of Second World War Commemoration In Singapore by Hamzah Muzaini, Brenda S.A. Yeoh

This book sets itself apart from much of the burgeoning literature on war commemoration within human geography and the social sciences more generally by analysing how the Second World War is remembered within Singapore, unique for its potential to shed light on the manifold politics associated with the commemoration of wars not only within an Asian, but also a multiracial and multi-religious postcolonial context. By adopting a historical materialist approach, it traces the genealogy of war commemoration in Singapore, from the initial disavowal of the war by the postcolonial government since independence in 1965 to it being embraced as part of national historiography in the early 1990s apparent in the emergence since then of various memoryscapes dedicated to the event. Also, through a critical analysis of a wide selection of these memoryscapes, the book interrogates how memories of the war have been spatially and discursively appropriated today by state (and non-state) agencies as a means of achieving multiple objectives, including (but not limited to) commemoration, tourism, mourning and nation-building. And finally, the book examines the perspectives of those who engage with or use these memoryscapes in order to reveal their contested nature as fractured by social divisions of race, gender, ideology and nationality.

Governing Global-City Singapore: Legacies And Futures After Lee Kuan YewGoverning Global-City Singapore: Legacies And Futures After Lee Kuan Yew by Tan, Kenneth Paul

This book provides a detailed analysis of how governance in Singapore has evolved since independence to become what it is today, and what its prospects might be in a post-Lee Kuan Yew (LKY) future. First, it discusses the question of political leadership, electoral dominance, and legislative monopoly in Singapore's one-party dominant system and the system's durability. Second, it tracks developments in Singapore's public administration, critically analysing the formation and transformation of meritocracy and pragmatism, two key components of the state ideology. Third, it discusses developments within civil society, focusing in particular on issues related to patriarchy and feminism, hetero-normativity and gay activism, immigration and migrant worker exploitation, and the contest over history and national narratives in academia, the media, and the arts. Fourth, it discusses the People's Action Party (PAP) government's efforts to connect with the public, including its national public engagement exercises that can be interpreted as a subtler approach to social and political control. In increasingly complex conditions, the state struggles to maintain its hegemony while securing a pre-eminent position in the global economic order. Tan demonstrates how trends in these four areas converge in ways that signal plausible futures for a post-LKY Singapore.

Defence And Decolonisation In Southeast Asia: Britain, Malaya And Singapore 1941-1968Defence And Decolonisation In Southeast Asia: Britain, Malaya And Singapore 1941-1968 by Hack, Karl

This book explains why British defence policy and practice emerged as it did in the period 1941-67, by looking at the overlapping of colonial, military, economic and Cold War factors in the area. Its main focus is on the 1950s and the decolonisation era, but it argues that the plans and conditions of this period can only be understood by tracing them back to their origins in the fall of Singapore. Also, it shows how decolonisation was shaped not just by British aims, but by the way communism, communalism and nationalism facilitated and frustrated these.

Budi Kritik: Expanded EditionBudi Kritik: Expanded Edition by Mohamed Imran M. Taib & Nurul F. Johari (Eds.)

Why is it important to imbibe a thinking culture? What can contemporary Malays contribute by way of an active intellectual and social life towards reform and progress? Where are the loci of critical thought in Malay public life? Writers from various backgrounds - academics, researchers, community organisers, and social activists -offer insights and critical reflections into contemporary Malay society. These essays span wide-ranging fields - from culture to religion, identity to literature, faith to sociopolitics - with a shared objective: to promote the will to think and challenge dominant perspectives.

From Free Port To Modern Economy: Economic Development And Social Change In Penang, 1969-1990From Free Port To Modern Economy: Economic Development And Social Change In Penang, 1969-1990 by Singh, Chet; Rajah Rasiah & Wong Yee Tuan (Eds.)

The 1950s saw Lim Chong Eu taking an increasingly central role in Malayan politics, moving from the exhilarating preparation for independence to him losing political influence by the end of the decade. The following decade saw him trying to revive his political fortunes, and finally succeeding at the ballot box in 1969. Becoming the Chief Minister of Penang State-retreating from national politics, as it were-provided him with the platform from which he would excel as nation builder and political leader. In the process, he contributed decisively to the industrialisation, not only of Penang but also of Malaysia as a whole. This collection of articles tells the story of how the declining fortunes of the port of Penang was turned around through daring and forceful leadership into the industrialised society that it is today.

Great State: China And The WorldGreat State: China And The World by Brook, Timothy

China is one of the oldest states in the world. It achieved its approximate current borders with the Ascendancy of the Yuan dynasty in the 13th century, and despite the passing of one Imperial dynasty to the next, it has maintained them for the eight centuries since. Timothy Brook examines China's relationship with the world from the Yuan through to the present by following the stories of ordinary and extraordinary people navigating the spaces where China met and meets the world. Bureaucrats, horse traders, spiritual leaders, explorers, pirates, emperors, invaders, migrant workers, traitors, and visionaries: this is a history of China as no one has told it before.

Myanmar's Myanmar's "Enemy Of The State" Speaks: Irreverent Essays And Interviews by Maung Zarni

"While the world's academics and politicians were focused on the hopes for change conjured up by the charisma and fame of Aung San Suu Kyi, Zarni presciently warned of signs of more fundamental problems with the promised 'transition' agenda for Myanmar. Zarni's various writings and interviews represent an unending attack on the misrepresentations of the Myanmar political, military, commercial, and monastic establishment and the misunderstandings of foreign actors who were beguiled by the promises of natural resources, trade wealth, and political change. Now, as the Myanmar Tatmadaw and the Lady have revealed their true colors, the international community has found that Zarni has had something very important to say that should have been heeded." Professor Michael W. Charney, Chair of Southeast Asian and Military History, SOAS, University of London

Myanmar's Political Transition And Lost Opportunities (2010-2016)Myanmar's Political Transition And Lost Opportunities (2010-2016) by Ye Htut

This book is about the politics of Myanmar under the reformist president Thein Sein. For the first time since the country regained independence in 1948, he was able to enact the peaceful transfer of power from one elected government to another. But Thein Sein also lost opportunities to deliver what the people anticipated, and he failed to bring his USDP party to victory in the 2015 election. This book examines the reasons behind the lost opportunities in the transition to democracy. It draws on the author's experiences as a member of Thein Sein's cabinet as well as on extensive interviews with other cabinet members and politicians involved in the crucial events that took place between 2010 and 2016.

Secrets And Power In Myanmar: Intelligence And The Fall Of General Khin NyuntSecrets And Power In Myanmar: Intelligence And The Fall Of General Khin Nyunt by Selth, Andrew

"No external observer knows more about Myanmar's security and intelligence apparatus than Andrew Selth. In this book he presents an account of the structure and functions of Myanmar's deep state, along with a tale of personal ambition, rivalry and ruthless power politics worthy of John Le Carre. A thoroughly educative, entertaining and intriguing read." - Professor Michael Wesley.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2019 #12: Free And Open Indo-Pacific Strategy OutlookTrends In Southeast Asia 2019 #12: Free And Open Indo-Pacific Strategy Outlook by Arase, David

The US launched a new Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP) strategy in late 2017 after reluctantly concluding that its patient effort to engage and socialize China to the rules-based order since 1972 had failed. The new US FOIP strategy initiative seeks to engage like-minded nations in economic, security (both traditional and non-traditional), and political governance partnerships to construct a collaborative and scalable network of relations that will be able to respond flexibly to meet a wide range of stakeholder needs and regional contingencies across the Indo-Pacific region.

Electoral Dynamics In The Philippines: Money Politics, Patronage And Clientelism At The GrassrootsElectoral Dynamics In The Philippines: Money Politics, Patronage And Clientelism At The Grassroots by Hicken, Allen; E. Aspinall & M. Weiss (Eds.)

This new text provides a systematic analysis of grassroots level electioneering in the Philippines, using data gathered in the context of the 2016 elections, and combining in-depth ethnographic fieldwork with a national comparative scope. The chapters in this volume detail and analyse the electoral dynamics in a number of localities in order to shed light on how electoral campaigns are organised across regions of the Philippines, with particular focus on how candidates and their campaigns choose to appeal to and mobilise voters, the kinds of political networks used in campaigns, and how voters respond to different kinds of electoral appeals. It also analyses how Philippines candidates use political machines, clientelist networks and the delivery of patronage to secure election, identifies commonalities and differences across the Philippines, and engages in current debates in the literature about elections in developing democracies, the structure and organisation of clientelism, and the role of money in elections.

China's Asian Dream: Empire Building Along The New Silk RoadChina's Asian Dream: Empire Building Along The New Silk Road by Miller, Tom

From holding its ground in trade wars with the US, to presenting itself as a world leader in the fight against climate change, a newly confident China is flexing its economic muscles for strategic ends. With the Belt and Road initiative, billed as a new Silk Road for the 21st Century, China is set to extend its influence throughout Eurasia and across the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean. But with the Chinese and US militaries also vying over the Pacific, does this newfound confidence put China on a collision course with the US? Combining a geopolitical overview with on-the-ground reportage from a dozen countries, this new edition of China's Asian Dream engages with the most recent developments in the ongoing story of China's ascendency, and offers new insights into what the rise of China means not only for Asia, but for the world.

Identity, Nationhood And State-Building In MalaysiaIdentity, Nationhood And State-Building In Malaysia by K.J. Ratnam

Identity, loyalty and nation building are key global challenges today. Emeritus Professor K.J. Ratnam, a leading Malaysian social scientist, discusses multiple identities in complex societies, political loyalty, and the challenges that ethnic and religious differences pose for social cohesion. Ratnam also analyses current political alignments and their impact on ethnic relations, the perils of ethnic stereotyping, and the need for a national consensus on foundational issues. Sweeping in scope yet detailed in analysis, this publication will interest scholars, students, policy makers and laymen, and encourage reflection on useful ways of facing up to the many complex challenges confronting multi-ethnic and multi-religious societies like Malaysia.

Panorama 01/2019: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Trade And Economic Connectivity In The Age Of UncertaintyPanorama 01/2019: Insights Into Asian And European Affairs - Trade And Economic Connectivity In The Age Of Uncertainty by Echle, Christian; Megha Sarmah (Eds.)

This issue of Panorama explores the economic and trade connectivity between Asia and Europe, including the US-China trade war, an overview of Asia-Europe relations in the age of rising uncertainty, the development and implications of the Asia-Europe connectivity strategy and the Belt and Road Initiative, the impact of regional blocs on trade relations between Asia and Europe, and currency swap and bilateral agreements.

First Wave, The: JBJ, Chiam & The Opposition In SingaporeFirst Wave, The: JBJ, Chiam & The Opposition In Singapore by Loke, Hoe Yeong

Based on extensive interviews and archival material, The First Wave tells the story of the opposition in Singapore in its critical first thirty years in Parliament. Democratisation has been described to occur in waves. The first wave of a democratic awakening in post-independence Singapore began with J. B. Jeyaretnam's victory in the Anson by-election of 1981. That built up to the 1984 general election, the first of many to be called a "watershed", in which Chiam See Tong was also elected in Potong Pasir. After their successes in 1991, the opposition began dreaming of forming the government. But their euphoria was short-lived. Serious fault lines in the leading Singapore Democratic Party (SDP) rose to the surface almost immediately after the opposition victories of 1991, and the party was wiped out of Parliament by 1997. The opposition spent the next decade experimenting with coalition arrangements, to work their way back to victory.