Politics & Economics

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Vietnam's Communist Revolution: The Power And Limits Of IdeologyVietnam's Communist Revolution: The Power And Limits Of Ideology by Tuong Vu

By tracing the evolving worldview of Vietnamese communists over 80 years as they led Vietnam through wars, social revolution, and peaceful development, this book shows the depth and resilience of their commitment to the communist utopia in their foreign policy. Unearthing new material from Vietnamese archives and publications, this book challenges the conventional scholarship and the popular image of the Vietnamese revolution and the Vietnam War as being driven solely by patriotic inspirations. The revolution not only saw successes in defeating foreign intervention, but also failures in bringing peace and development to Vietnam. This was, and is, the real tragedy of Vietnam. Spanning the entire history of the Vietnamese revolution and its aftermath, this book examines its leaders' early rise to power, the tumult of three decades of war with France, the US, and China, and the stubborn legacies left behind which remain in Vietnam today.

Political Development Of Modern Thailand: And Ethnic Politics Shape Health PolicyPolitical Development Of Modern Thailand: And Ethnic Politics Shape Health Policy by Ferrara, Frederico

Based on extensive, empirical research, The Political Development of Modern Thailand analyses the country's political history from the late nineteenth century to the present day. Long known for political instability, Thailand was thrust into a deep state of crisis by a royalist military coup staged in 2006. Since then, conservative royalists have overthrown more elected governments after violent street protests, while equally disruptive demonstrations staged by supporters of electoral democracy were crushed by military force. Federico Ferrara traces the roots of the crisis to unresolved struggles regarding the content of Thailand's national identity, dating back to the abolition of absolute monarchy in 1932. He explains the conflict's re-intensification with reference to a growing chasm between the hierarchical worldview of Thailand's hegemonic 'royal nationalism' and the aspirations that millions of ordinary people have come to harbour as a result of modernisation.

Coalitions Of Well-Being: How Electoral Rules And Ethnic Politics Shape Health Policy In Developing CountriesCoalitions Of Well-Being: How Electoral Rules And Ethnic Politics Shape Health Policy In Developing Countries by Selway, Joel Sawat

Why do some developing countries have more efficient health systems and better health outcomes? Contrary to existing theory that posits the superiority of proportional representation (PR) rules on public-goods provision, this book argues that electoral rules function differently given the underlying ethnic structure. In countries with low ethnic salience, PR has the same positive effect as in past theories. In countries with high ethnic salience, the geographic distribution of ethnic groups further matters: where they are intermixed, PR rules are worse for health outcomes; where they are isolated, neither rule is superior. The case studies include Thailand, Mauritius, Malaysia, Botswana, Burma and Indonesia. The theory has broad implications for electoral rule design and suggests a middle ground in the debate between the Consociational and Centripetal schools of thought.

Democracy, Inequality And Corruption: Korea, Taiwan And The Philippines ComparedDemocracy, Inequality And Corruption: Korea, Taiwan And The Philippines Compared by You Jong-Sung

In this comparative, historical survey of three East-Asian democracies, Jong-sung You explores the correlation between inequality and corruption in the countries of South Korea, Taiwan and the Philippines. Drawing on a wealth of rich empirical research, he illustrates the ways in which economic inequality can undermine democratic accountability, thereby increasing the risk of clientelism and capture. Transcending the scope of corruption research beyond economic growth, this book surveys why some countries, like the Philippines, have failed to curb corruption and develop, whilst others such as South Korea and Taiwan have been more successful. Taking into account factors such as the success and failure of land reform, variations in social structure, and industrial policy, Jong-sung You provides a sound example of how comparative analysis can be employed to identify causal direction and mechanisms in political science.

Role Of The Public Bureaucracy In Policy Implementation In Five Asean Countries, TheRole Of The Public Bureaucracy In Policy Implementation In Five Asean Countries, The by Quah, S. T. Jon

This pioneering book addresses an important gap in the literature by comparing the role of the public bureaucracies in policy implementation in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. It highlights the importance of the policy context, especially the commitment of the government in allocating the necessary resources and the support of the implementers, as well as the public bureaucracy's effectiveness, as the critical factors responsible for effective policy implementation. The comparative analysis shows that the public bureaucracies in Singapore and Malaysia are more effective in policy implementation than their counterparts in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam because of their favourable policy contexts and higher level of organizational effectiveness.

Political And Legal Transformations Of An Indonesian Polity: The Nagari From Colonisation To DecentralisationPolitical And Legal Transformations Of An Indonesian Polity: The Nagari From Colonisation To Decentralisation by Von Benda-Beckmann, Franz

Political and Legal Transformations of an Indonesian Polity is a long-term study of the historical transformations of the Minangkabau polity of nagari, property relations and the ever-changing dynamic relationships between Minangkabau matrilineal adat law, Islamic law and state law. While the focus is on the period since the fall of President Suharto in 1998, the book charts a long history of political and legal transformations before and after Indonesia's independence, in which the continuities are as notable as the changes. It also throws light on the transnational processes through which legal and political ideas spread and acquire new meanings. The multi-temporal historical approach adopted is also relevant to the more general discussions of the relationship between anthropology and history, the creation of customary law, identity construction, and the anthropology of colonialism.

Islam And Democracy In Indonesia: Tolerance Without LiberalismIslam And Democracy In Indonesia: Tolerance Without Liberalism by Menchik, Jeremy

Indonesia's Islamic organizations sustain the country's thriving civil society, democracy, and reputation for tolerance amid diversity. Yet scholars poorly understand how these organizations envision the accommodation of religious difference. What does tolerance mean to the world's largest Islamic organizations? What are the implications for democracy in Indonesia and the broader Muslim world? Jeremy Menchik argues that answering these questions requires decoupling tolerance from liberalism and investigating the historical and political conditions that engender democratic values. Drawing on archival documents, ethnographic observation, comparative political theory, and an original survey, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia demonstrates that Indonesia's Muslim leaders favor a democracy in which individual rights and group-differentiated rights converge within a system of legal pluralism, a vision at odds with American-style secular government but common in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe.

Islamic Populism In Indonesia And The Middle EastIslamic Populism In Indonesia And The Middle East by Hadiz, Vedi R.

In a novel approach to the field of Islamic politics, this provocative new study compares the evolution of Islamic populism in Indonesia, the country with the largest Muslim population in the world, to the Middle East. Utilising approaches from historical sociology and political economy, Vedi R. Hadiz argues that competing strands of Islamic politics can be understood as the product of contemporary struggles over power, material resources and the result of conflict across a variety of social and historical contexts. Drawing from detailed case studies across the Middle East and Southeast Asia, the book engages with broader theoretical questions about political change in the context of socio-economic transformations and presents an innovative, comparative framework to shed new light on the diverse trajectories of Islamic politics in the modern world.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #06: Old Stereotypes, New Convictions: Pribumi Perceptions Of Ethnic Chinese In Indonesia TodayTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #06: Old Stereotypes, New Convictions: Pribumi Perceptions Of Ethnic Chinese In Indonesia Today by Herlijanto, Johanes

Despite improvements in the position of ethnic Chinese in the reformasi era, critical and negative perceptions of them persist among prominent pribumi personalities, particularly in recent years. At the same time, there are others, including politicians affiliated with pro-government political parties, high-ranking officials, leaders of NGOs sympathetic to President Jokowi, as well as advocates of multiculturalism (many of whom are scholars and Muslim leaders), who believe that Chinese Indonesians are first and foremost Indonesians. The evidence they cite to support this belief varies, from past heroic actions by ethnic Chinese to the identity constructs of Chinese Indonesians, which is usually based on Indonesia or some Indonesian region.

Lee Kuan Yew: One Man's View Of The WorldLee Kuan Yew: One Man's View Of The World by Lee Kuan Yew

With over 100,000 copies sold in hardcover since its publication in 2013, the geopolitical insights of Singapore's late founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew are as trenchant and relevant as ever amid the societal and political upheavals of today. Now released in paperback, the book features a new postscript by The Straits Times editor-at-large Han Fook Kwang, reflecting upon the changes that have unfolded since Lee first made his incisive observations.

Cambodia's Second Kingdom: Nation, Imagination And DemocracyCambodia's Second Kingdom: Nation, Imagination And Democracy by Noren-Nilsson, Astrid

Cambodia's Second Kingdom is an exploration of the role of nationalist imaginings, discourses, and narratives in Cambodia since the 1993 reintroduction of a multiparty democratic system. Competing nationalist imaginings are shown to be a more prominent part of political party contestation in the Kingdom of Cambodia than typically believed. For political parties, nationalistic imaginings became the basis for strategies to attract popular support, electoral victories, and moral legitimacy. This book uses uncommon sources, such as interviews with key contemporary political actors, to analyse Cambodia's post-conflict reconstruction politics. It exposes how nationalist imaginings, typically understood to be associated with political opposition, have been central to the reworking of political identities and legitimacy bids across the political spectrum. The author examines the entanglement of notions of democracy and national identity, and traces out a tension between domestic elite imaginings and the liberal democratic frame in which they operate.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #05: The Natunas: Territorial Integrity In The Forefront Of Of Indonesia-China RelationsTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #05: The Natunas: Territorial Integrity In The Forefront Of Of Indonesia-China Relations by Suryadinata, Leo; Mustafa Izzuddin

In May 2017 the Indonesian military conducted a large-scale exercise in the Natuna Islands. This was in the wake of three incidents in 2016 that involved Chinese fishing boats. Jakarta accused the vessels of stealing fish within the Indonesian EEZ but Beijing considered these boats to be carrying out regular activities in Chinese traditional fishing grounds. While the Natunas is likely to remain a perennial issue between Indonesia and China in the short to medium term, it is unlikely to derail the bilateral relationship as economics is likely to continue trumping politics in Sino-Indonesian relations, at least under Indonesian President Jokowi's administration. It is also unlikely to bring about an outright naval confrontation between Indonesia and China.

US-Singapore Relations, 1965-1975: Strategic Non-Alignment In The Cold WarUS-Singapore Relations, 1965-1975: Strategic Non-Alignment In The Cold War by Chua Wei Boon, Daniel

At the height of the Cold War in Southeast Asia, the foreign relations between the United States and Singapore demonstrated the interplay between America's strategy of containment and Singapore's efforts at a non-aligned foreign policy. But there is a deeper story. American involvement in the Vietnam War not only held back the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, but also catalysed economic and strategic cooperation between the United States and Singapore. The author argues that Singapore might not have achieved its success so rapidly without the support of the US. By considering the importance of the US's role in Singapore's nation-building, this book provides an important supplement to the well-trodden narrative that attributes Singapore's success to good governance.

Liberalism Disavowed: Communitarianism And State Capitalism In SingaporeLiberalism Disavowed: Communitarianism And State Capitalism In Singapore by Chua Beng Huat

In Liberalism Disavowed, Chua Beng Huat examines the rejection of Western-style liberalism in Singapore and the way the People's Action Party has forged an independent non-Western ideology. This book explains the evolution of this communitarian ideology, with focus on three areas: public housing, multiracialism and state capitalism, each of which poses different challenges to liberal approaches. With the passing of the first Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew and the end of the Cold War, the party is facing greater challenges from an educated populace that demands greater voice. This has led to liberalization of the cultural sphere, greater responsiveness and shifts in political rhetoric, but all without disrupting the continuing hegemony of the PAP in government.

Mee Siam Mai Hum: Some Of The Darnedest Things Our Politicians SayMee Siam Mai Hum: Some Of The Darnedest Things Our Politicians Say by Wee, Edmund (Ed.)

Mee Siam Mai Hum is the first-ever published compilation of the most memorable quotes uttered by Singapore's politicians. Collected over several years, the quotes accompany witty illustrations by Jackie Goh of The Fingersmith Letterpress. You will find verbal gaffes, stretched analogies, shockers and mind-bogglers that have created news headlines and stirred up the cybersphere.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #04: The Emergence Of Pork Barrel Politics In Parliamentary MyanmarTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #04: The Emergence Of Pork Barrel Politics In Parliamentary Myanmar by Egreteau, Renaud

In 2014 Myanmar introduced a constituency development fund to sponsor small public works and development projects in each of the country's 330 electoral constituencies. As a form of "pork-barrel" spending, CDF programmes have long remained controversial among international donors, anti-corruption agencies and civil society watchdogs for their potential for corruption, embezzlement, waste of public money, vote-buying and other clientelistic behaviours. The CDF has however emerged in as an extremely popular instrument for lawmakers, in offering new opportunities for meeting the basic infrastructure and development needs of local communities. The scheme has also fostered more frequent interactions among parliamentarians, local bureaucrats, and citizens. Mechanisms for vetting and monitoring the CDF projects seem also to have grown stronger each year.

Yo-Yo Diplomacy - Tom Plate On Asia: An American Columnist Tackles The Ups-And-Downs Between China And The UsYo-Yo Diplomacy - Tom Plate On Asia: An American Columnist Tackles The Ups-And-Downs Between China And The Us by Plate, Tom

The third of the "Tom Plate on Asia" series, Yo-Yo Diplomacy compiles the compelling and insightful columns on Asia by award-winning journalist Tom Plate over the past two years. From tensions in the South China Sea to China's stock market turbulence and Hong Kong's bookseller saga, the veteran columnist continues to examine the rise of Asia and the role of America in this dynamic and diverse region. This is an informative and readable anthology that would prove valuable not only political and current affairs commentators, but also to the layperson wishing to learn more about pivotal developments in the Asia-Pacific region.

Dialog: Thoughts On Tunku's Timeless ThinkingDialog: Thoughts On Tunku's Timeless Thinking by

DIALOG is a major new anthology of Tunku Abdul Rahman's enduring wit and wisdom, and the response of contemporary Malaysians to it. From politicians to rappers, from young and old, from actors to academics, Tunku's thoughts, ideas and values continue to resonate, fascinate and illuminate. The book features: more than 20 individual essays in response to Tunku's quotes; previously untold anecdotes and recollections, plus rare and unseen photos; dozens of original illustrations by The One Academy, a leading art & design college; specially-composed tribute lyrics to Tunku by Altimet; a spice portrait of Tunku, made of spices used by all major Malaysian races; and the views of Malaysians aged 5 to 90 on Tunku's continuing relevance to Malaysia's future.

Trends In Southeast Asia 2017 #03: Johor's Forest City Faces Critical ChallengesTrends In Southeast Asia 2017 #03: Johor's Forest City Faces Critical Challenges by Serina Rahman

The Forest City project in Johor, Malaysia is part of a larger plan to elevate Johor to development success, similar to Shenzhen's evolution from Hong Kong's backwaters to being a modern metropolis. However the project was embroiled in controversy from the beginning. Sudden capital controls imposed by China on its citizens in early 2017 put a spanner in the works. Middle-class Chinese struggling to afford homes in China's big cities were Forest City's prime clientele and the new regulations preventing the transfer of funds for property purchase and the use of credit cards for investment transactions have brought future sales and the completion of signed commitments into question. Forest City will now have to focus on other markets in order to meet its sales targets. While the project has its merits, the economic benefits might be overstated as a number of socio-economic and environmental impacts have not been fully taken into account.

Reversal Of Verdict: Anwar Ibrahim Goes Back To PrisonReversal Of Verdict: Anwar Ibrahim Goes Back To Prison by Pawancheek Marican

In the 2013 General Election Anwar Ibrahim led Malaysia's opposition coalition, Pakatan Rakyat, to win, for the first time, the majority of the popular vote, though not the majority of the parliamentary seats. Less than two years later, Anwar Ibrahim was incarcerated in Sungai Buloh prison on the charge of sodomy, the second time that he was convicted and imprisoned for such a similar offence since his sacking as Deputy Prime Minister in 1998. However, that first conviction was dismissed by the Federal Court in 2004. Lawyer and long-time commentator on Anwar's legal battles, Pawancheek Marican, explains the various appeals and applications for review to the country's highest courts made by Anwar against his latest conviction which saw him go from a free man to a prisoner of the Malaysian state. Based upon court transcripts and interviews with key figures of Anwar's legal team, Reversal of Verdict exposes the failures of due process and of legal thinking endemic in the trial, as well as critically assesses Malaysia's judicial system in an era of political conflict.