History & Geography

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Narrating Presence: Awakening From Cultural AmnesiaNarrating Presence: Awakening From Cultural Amnesia by Ibrahim, Azhar

In addition to celebrating the intellectual tradition of a past generation of Singaporean Malay thinkers, social and cultural activists, this series provides unique insights and perspectives into the lived-experience and collective memories of the Malay community in Singapore. This book investigates and raises questions on the background and social-historical conditionings that have shaped and coloured Malay thinking and world view, from the past to contemporary thought, through its literary heritage and letters.

Krakatau: The Tale Of Lampung Submerged - Syair Lampung KaramKrakatau: The Tale Of Lampung Submerged - Syair Lampung Karam by Saleh, Muhammad

In 1883, massive volcanic eruptions destroyed two-thirds of the island Krakatau. It was the day the world exploded. Since that time Krakatau has been the subject of many reports and publications, both scholarly and literary but the only surviving account of the event written by an indigenous eyewitness has only now found its way into English translation. Written in the form of a syair, a classical Malay rhymed poem, this account sheds light on local responses to the disaster in the region.

Traditionalism And The Ascendancy Of The Malay Ruling Class In Colonial MalayaTraditionalism And The Ascendancy Of The Malay Ruling Class In Colonial Malaya by Amoroso, Donna J.

In this original and perceptive study Donna Amoroso argues that the Malay elites' preeminent position after the Second World War had much to do with how British colonialism reshaped old idioms and rituals - helping to (re)invent a tradition. In doing so she illuminates the ways that traditionalism reordered the Malay political world, the nature of the state and the political economy of leadership. In the postwar era, traditionalism began to play a new role: it became a weapon which the Malay aristocracy employed to resist British plans for a Malayan Union and to neutralise the challenge coming from groups representing a more radical, democratic perspective and even hijacking their themes.

Solidarity: Hidden Histories And Geographies Of InternationalismSolidarity: Hidden Histories And Geographies Of Internationalism by David Featherstone

Despite the frequency with which the word 'solidarity' is invoked the concept itself has rarely been subjected to close scrutiny. In this original and stereotype-busting work, David Featherstone helps redress this imbalance through an innovative combination of archival research, activist testimonies and first-hand involvement with political movements. Solidarity presents a variety of case studies, from anti-slavery and anti-fascist organizing to climate change activism and the boycotts of Coca-Cola. It unearths international forms of solidarity that are all too often marginalized by nation-centred histories of the left and social movements. Timely and wide-ranging, Solidarity is a fascinating investigation of an increasingly vital subject.

Prisoner's Diaries: Palestinian Voices From The Israeli GulagPrisoner's Diaries: Palestinian Voices From The Israeli Gulag by Norma Hashim

The Prisoners' Diaries: Palestinian Voices from the Israeli Gulag is a compilation of first hand experiences of 22 Palestinian prisoners released from prison by Israel as part of the prisoner exchange for the release of Gilad Shalit. The prisoners were interviewed by journalists and their accounts, their diaries, were compiled into a book by Norma Hashim. These autobiographical texts offer a rare opportunity to comprehend the inhumane indignities endured by tens of thousands of Palestinians prisoners throughout the decades of this long painful conflict.

Diaspora: The Story Of The South Asian Muslim Diaspora In Southeast Asia TodayDiaspora: The Story Of The South Asian Muslim Diaspora In Southeast Asia Today by Noor, Farish A.

The role played by Indian Muslims in the history of the Malay Archipelago in general and early Malaya and then Malaysia in particular has been recognized by various scholars as largely unrecorded. This pioneering work by well-known Malaysian political scientist and historian Professor Farish A. Noor, Senior Fellow at Nanyang Technological University Singapore, will help to close this historical gap, As economic, cultural as well as religious activities of Indian Muslims in the region are covered, this well-researched book, drawling on sources from archives in the wider region, is an introduction to this topic and may also serve as an impetus for others to research these areas in greater details.

Behind Japanese Lines: With The Oss In BurmaBehind Japanese Lines: With The Oss In Burma by Dunlop, Richard

In early 1942, with World War II going badly, President Roosevelt turned to General William "Wild Bill" Donovan, now known historically as the "Father of Central Intelligence," with orders to form a special unit whose primary mission was to prepare for the eventual reopening of the Burma Road linking Burma and China by performing guerilla operations behind the Japanese lines. Thus was born OSS Detachment 101, the first clandestine special force formed by Donovan and one that would play a highly dangerous but vital role in the reconquest of Burma by the Allies. Behind Japanese Lines, originally published in 1979, is the exciting story of the men of Detachment 101, who, with their loyal native allies-the Kachin headhunters-fought a guerilla war for almost three years. It was a war not only against a tough and unyielding enemy, but against the jungle itself, one of the most difficult and dangerous patches of terrain in the world. Exposed to blistering heat and threatened by loathsome tropical diseases, the Western-raised OSS men also found themselves beset by unfriendly tribesmen and surrounded by the jungle's unique perils-giant leeches, cobras, and rogue tigers. Drawing upon the author's own experiences as a member of Detachment 101, interviews with surviving 101 members, and classified documents, Dunlop's tale unfolds with cinematic intensity, detailing the danger, tension, and drama of secret warfare. Never before have the activities of the OSS been recorded in such authentic firsthand detail.

Rising Sun, Falling Skies: The Disastrous Java Sea Campaign Of World War IiRising Sun, Falling Skies: The Disastrous Java Sea Campaign Of World War Ii by Cox, Jeffrey R.

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese offensive in the Far East seemed unstoppable. Allied forces engaged in a futile attempt to halt their rapid advance, culminating in the massed fleet of American, British, Dutch, and Australian forces (ABDA) clashing with the Japanese at the battle of the Java Sea - the first major sea battle of World War II in the Pacific. But, in a campaign crippled by poor leadership and disastrous decisions, the Allied response was catastrophic, losing their largest warships and their tenuous toe-hold in the south Pacific within the first 72 hours of the battle. This defeat left ground troops cut off from reinforcement and supply, with obsolete equipment, no defense against endless Japanese air attacks, and with no chance of retreat. However, although command decisions were to condemn the Allies to defeat, the Allied goal was never an outright victory, simply a delaying action. Facing a relentless and thoroughly vicious enemy, the combined forces responded not by running or surrendering, but by defiantly holding on in a struggle that was as much a test of character, bravery, and determination as it was a test of arms, ultimately costing the Allies ten vessels and the lives of 2,100 brave sailors. In Rising Sun, Falling Skies, Jeffrey Cox examines the events and evidence surrounding the Java Sea Campaign, reconstructing battles that in hindsight were all but hopeless and revealing where fatal mistakes and missed opportunities condemned the Allied forces in an insightful and compelling study of the largely overlooked clash in the Java Sea.

Our Man In Malaya: John Davis Cbe, Dso, Soe Force 136 And Postwar Counter-InsurgencyOur Man In Malaya: John Davis Cbe, Dso, Soe Force 136 And Postwar Counter-Insurgency by Shennan, Margaret

The career of John Davis was inextricably and paradoxically intertwined with that of Chin Peng, the leader of the Malayan Communist Party and the man who was to become Britain's chief enemy in the long Communist struggle for the soul of Malaya. When the Japanese invaded Malaya during WWII, John Davis escaped to Ceylon, sailing 1,700 miles in a Malay fishing boat, before planning the infiltration of Chinese intelligence agents and British officers back into the Malayan peninsula. With the support of Chin Peng and the cooperation of the Malayan Peoples Anti-Japanese Army, Davis led SOE Force 136 into Japanese-occupied Malaya where he operated from camps deep in the jungle with Freddy Spencer Chapman and fellow covert agents. Yet Davis was more than a wartime hero. Following the war, he was heavily involved in Malayan Emergency affairs: squatter control, the establishment of New Villages and, vitally, of tracking down and confronting his old adversary Chin Peng and the communist terrorists. Historian and biographer Margaret Shennan, born and raised in Malaya and an expert on the British in pre-independence Malaysia, tells the extraordinary, untold story of John Davis, CBE, DSO, an iconic figure in Malaya's colonial history. Illustrated with Davis' personal photographs and featuring correspondence between Davis and Chin Peng, this is a story which truly deserves to be told.

Massacre In Malaya: Exposing Britain's My LaiMassacre In Malaya: Exposing Britain's My Lai by Hale, Christopher

The Malayan Emergency (1948-60) was the longest war waged by British and Commonwealth forces in the twentieth century. Fought against communist guerrillas in the jungles of Malaya, this undeclared 'war without a name' had a powerful and covert influence on American strategy in Vietnam. Many military historians still consider the Emergency an exemplary, even inspiring, counterinsurgency conflict. Massacre in Malaya draws on recently released files from British archives, as well as eyewitness accounts from both the government forces and communist fighters, to challenge this view. It focuses on the notorious 'Batang Kali Massacre' - known as 'Britain's My Lai' - that took place in December, 1948, and reveals that British tactics in Malaya were more ruthless than many historians concede. Counterinsurgency in Malaya, as in Kenya during the same period, depended on massive resettlement programmes and ethnic cleansing, indiscriminate aerial bombing and ruthless exploitation of aboriginal peoples, the Orang Asli. The Emergency was a discriminatory war. In Malaya, the British built a brutal and pervasive security state - and bequeathed it to modern Malaysia. The 'Malayan Emergency' was a bitterly fought war that still haunts the present.

Empress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern ChinaEmpress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern China by Chang, Jung

Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908) is the most important woman in Chinese history. She ruled China for decades and brought a medieval empire into the modern age. At the age of sixteen, in a nationwide selection for royal consorts, Cixi was chosen as one of the emperor's numerous concubines and sexual partners. When he died in 1861, their five-year-old son succeeded to the throne. Cixi at once launched a palace coup against the regents appointed by her husband and made herself the real ruler of China - behind the throne, literally, with a silk screen separating her from her officials who were all male. In this groundbreaking biography, Jung Chang vividly describes how Cixi fought against monumental obstacles to change China. Under her the ancient country attained virtually all the attributes of a modern state: industries, railways, electricity, telegraph, and an army and navy with up-to-date weaponry. It was she who abolished gruesome punishments like 'death by a thousand cuts' and put an end to foot-binding. She inaugurated women's liberation, and embarked on the path to introduce parliamentary elections to China. Jung Chang comprehensively overturns the conventional view of Cixi as a diehard conservative and cruel despot. Jung Chang not only records the Empress Dowager's conduct of domestic and foreign affairs, but also takes the reader into the depths of her splendid Summer Palace and the harem of Beijing's Forbidden City, where she lived surrounded by eunuchs - with one of whom she fell in love, with tragic consequences. Packed with drama, fast-paced and gripping, it is both a panoramic depiction of the birth of modern China and an intimate portrait of a woman: as the concubine to a monarch, as the absolute ruler of a third of the world's population, and as a unique stateswoman.

Tambora: The Eruption That Changed The WorldTambora: The Eruption That Changed The World by Wood, Gillen D'arcy

When Indonesia's Mount Tambora erupted in 1815, it unleashed the most destructive wave of extreme weather the world has witnessed in thousands of years. The volcano's massive sulfate dust cloud enveloped the Earth, cooling temperatures and disrupting major weather systems for more than three years. Amid devastating storms, drought, and floods, communities worldwide endured famine, disease, and civil unrest on a catastrophic scale. On the eve of the bicentenary of the great eruption, Tambora tells the extraordinary story of the weather chaos it wrought, weaving the latest climate science with the social history of this frightening period to offer a cautionary tale about the potential tragic impacts of drastic climate change in our own century. The year following Tambora's eruption became known as the "Year without a Summer," when weather anomalies in Europe and New England ruined crops, displaced millions, and spawned chaos and disease. Here, for the first time, Gillen D'Arcy Wood traces Tambora's full global and historical reach: how the volcano's three-year climate change regime initiated the first worldwide cholera pandemic, expanded opium markets in China, set the stage for Ireland's Great Famine, and plunged the United States into its first economic depression. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein's monster, inspired by Tambora's terrifying storms, embodied the fears and misery of global humanity during this transformative period, the most recent sustained climate crisis the world has faced. Bringing the history of this planetary emergency grippingly to life, Tambora sheds light on the fragile interdependence of climate and human societies, and the threat a new era of extreme global weather poses to us all.

Stubborn Buggers: Survivors Of The Infamous Pow Gaol That Made Changi Look Like HeavenStubborn Buggers: Survivors Of The Infamous Pow Gaol That Made Changi Look Like Heaven by Bowden, Tim

There was a place far worse than Changi - Singapore's Outram Road Gaol. For the POWs who endured it, deprivation here was so extreme that there really was a fate worse than death. Stubborn Buggersis the little known story of twelve Australian POWs who fought and survived the action in Malaya before the fall of Singapore and endured captivity and slave labour, then the unimaginable hardships of Outram Road Gaol. It is a story of how they dealt with the brutality of the Japanese military police, the feared Kempeitai. And it is the story of how they found a way to go on living even when facing a future of no hope and slow death. But Stubborn Buggers is about more than suffering and brutality. It is also a story of grit, determination and larrikin humour. It is very much about the triumph of the human spirit.

Geological Excursion Around Miri, Sarawak 1910-2010: Celebrating The 100Th Anniversary Of The Discovery Of The Miri Oil FieldGeological Excursion Around Miri, Sarawak 1910-2010: Celebrating The 100Th Anniversary Of The Discovery Of The Miri Oil Field by Wannier, Mario; Phillip Lesslar; Charlie Lee

In this volume: The history of oil field, the geology of Miri, Lambir National Park, Mulu and Niah Caves, Fossil localities, mud volcanoes, and more. In 1910, commercial discovery of oil in Miri led to the birth of the petroleum industry in Sarawak and later in Brunei. This book retraces the history of the Miri oil field and describes geological excursions in written in a way to be of interest to geology researchers, teachers and students, and to all visitors interested in the history and geology of Northern Sarawak.

Pembangunan Kota Iskandar: Johor Pada Kurun Ke-21, Pusat Pentadbiran Baru Negeri JohorPembangunan Kota Iskandar: Johor Pada Kurun Ke-21, Pusat Pentadbiran Baru Negeri Johor by Mohanlall, Premilla; Majella Gomes

Kota Iskandar bagi Johor adalah ibarat Putrajaya bagi Malaysia. Kedua-duanya dibina sebagai pusat pentadbiran kerajaan. Pada November 2008, Johor menjadi negeri Malaysia yang pertama mengikut jejak Kerajaan Persekutuan apabila jabatan kerajaan negeri mula berpindah dari Johor Bahru ke Kota Iskandar. Faktor ekonomi, sosial dan alam sekitar mendorong pembangunan Kota Iskandar, salah satu pembangunan utama Iskandar Malaysia, zon pertumbuhan baru di Malaysia. Buku ini menjejaki pembangunan Kota Iskandar, yang direka bentuk untuk memberi perkhidmatan lebih baik kepada rakyat dan pelabur. Ia juga menunjukkan bangunan mercu tanda Fasa 1, dengan lokasi tepi pantai, warisan seni bina, kawasan lapang dan taman landskap yang segera menjadi daya tarikan pelancong. Ini hanya permulaan... Apabila kesemua fasa siap, Kota Iskandar dijangka menjadi tempat pertemuan orang ramai yang datang dari jauh dan dekat untuk berurusan dan bersiar-siar.

Khmer Lands Of Vietnam, The: Environmental, Cosmology And SovereigntyKhmer Lands Of Vietnam, The: Environmental, Cosmology And Sovereignty by Taylor, Philip

The indigenous people of Southern Vietnam, known as the Khmer Krom, occupy territory over which Vietnam and Cambodia have competing claims. Regarded with ambivalence and suspicion by nationalists in both countries, these in-between people have their own claims on the place where they live and a unique perspective on history and sovereignty in their heavily contested homelands. To cope with wars, environmental re-engineering and nation-building, the Khmer Krom have selectively engaged with the outside world in addition to drawing upon local resources and self-help networks. This groundbreaking book reveals the sophisticated ecological repertoire deployed by the Khmer Krom to deal with a complex river delta, and charts their diverse adaptations to a changing environment. In addition, it provides an ethnographically grounded exposition of Khmer mythic thought that shows how the Khmer Krom position themselves within a landscape imbued with life-sustaining potential, magical sovereign power and cosmological significance. Offering a new environmental history of the Mekong River delta this book is the first to explore Southern Vietnam through the eyes of its indigenous Khmer residents.

Secrets Of The Fallen Pagoda: The Famen Temple And Tang Court CultureSecrets Of The Fallen Pagoda: The Famen Temple And Tang Court Culture by Wang, Eugene Y.; Tansen Sen Et Al

This catalogue accompanies an exhibition at the Asian Civilisations Museum of treasures from the Famen Temple crypt and other Tang dynasty artworks. Essays examine relic worship at the Famen Temple and the Buddhist world of the Tang, the rationale for the arrangement of donations in the crypt chambers, and the Tang dynasties contacts with the wider world. Figures and murals from tombs, magnificent reliquary boxes, rare ceramics, and gold and silver metalwork tell the story of life and culture during the Tang.

Blood Of The People, The: Revolution & The End Of Traditional Rule In Northern SumatraBlood Of The People, The: Revolution & The End Of Traditional Rule In Northern Sumatra by Reid, Anthony

In northern Sumatra, as in Malaya, colonial rule embraced an extravagant array of sultans, rajas, datuks and uleebalangs. In Malaya the traditional Malay elite served as a barrier to evolutionary change and survived the transition to independence, but in Sumatra a wave of violence and killing wiped out the traditional elite in 1945-46. Anthony Reid's The Blood of the People, now available in a new edition, explores the circumstances of Sumatra's sharp break with the past during what has been labelled its "social revolution." The events in northern Sumatra were among the most dramatic episodes of Indonesia's national revolution, and brought about more profound changes even than in Java, from where the revolution is normally viewed. Some ethnic groups saw the revolution as a popular, peasant-supported movement that liberated them from foreign rule. Others, though, felt victimised by a radical, levelling agenda imposed by outsiders. Java, with a relatively homogeneous population, passed through the revolution without significant social change. The ethnic complexity of Sumatra, in contrast, meant that the revolution demanded and altogether new "Indonesian" identity to override the competing ethnic categories of the past.

Genesis Of Konfrontasi: Malaya, Brunei And Indonesia, 1945-1965Genesis Of Konfrontasi: Malaya, Brunei And Indonesia, 1945-1965 by Poulgrain, Greg

This book throws new light onto the 1963-66 period of confrontation between Malaysia and Indonesia. The Brunei revolt in December 1962 started Confrontation but who started the Brunei revolt? This is but one result of accessing recently-released archival material and interviewing many former officials - some of whom are featured in the archival material. Documents which no previous works have accessed helped Dr Poulgrain piece together the genesis of Konfrontasi.

Malay Kingship In Kedah: Religion, Trade, And SocietyMalay Kingship In Kedah: Religion, Trade, And Society by Maziar Mozaffari Falarti

This book probes and examines traditional sources of royal power and control, as well as indigenous socio-political systems in the Malay world. It focuses on the north-western Malaysian Sultanate of Kedah, which is acknowledged as the oldest unbroken independent kingship line in the Malay and Islamic world with one thousand years of history. It concludes that the ruling dynasty has historically exploited a wide range of unique environmental conditions, local traditions, global spiritual trends, and economic forces to preserve and strengthen its political position.