History & Geography

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Massacre In Malaya: Exposing Britain's My LaiMassacre In Malaya: Exposing Britain's My Lai by Hale, Christopher

The Malayan Emergency (1948-60) was the longest war waged by British and Commonwealth forces in the twentieth century. Fought against communist guerrillas in the jungles of Malaya, this undeclared 'war without a name' had a powerful and covert influence on American strategy in Vietnam. Many military historians still consider the Emergency an exemplary, even inspiring, counterinsurgency conflict. Massacre in Malaya draws on recently released files from British archives, as well as eyewitness accounts from both the government forces and communist fighters, to challenge this view. It focuses on the notorious 'Batang Kali Massacre' - known as 'Britain's My Lai' - that took place in December, 1948, and reveals that British tactics in Malaya were more ruthless than many historians concede. Counterinsurgency in Malaya, as in Kenya during the same period, depended on massive resettlement programmes and ethnic cleansing, indiscriminate aerial bombing and ruthless exploitation of aboriginal peoples, the Orang Asli. The Emergency was a discriminatory war. In Malaya, the British built a brutal and pervasive security state - and bequeathed it to modern Malaysia. The 'Malayan Emergency' was a bitterly fought war that still haunts the present.

Empress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern ChinaEmpress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern China by Chang, Jung

Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908) is the most important woman in Chinese history. She ruled China for decades and brought a medieval empire into the modern age. At the age of sixteen, in a nationwide selection for royal consorts, Cixi was chosen as one of the emperor's numerous concubines and sexual partners. When he died in 1861, their five-year-old son succeeded to the throne. Cixi at once launched a palace coup against the regents appointed by her husband and made herself the real ruler of China - behind the throne, literally, with a silk screen separating her from her officials who were all male. In this groundbreaking biography, Jung Chang vividly describes how Cixi fought against monumental obstacles to change China. Under her the ancient country attained virtually all the attributes of a modern state: industries, railways, electricity, telegraph, and an army and navy with up-to-date weaponry. It was she who abolished gruesome punishments like 'death by a thousand cuts' and put an end to foot-binding. She inaugurated women's liberation, and embarked on the path to introduce parliamentary elections to China. Jung Chang comprehensively overturns the conventional view of Cixi as a diehard conservative and cruel despot. Jung Chang not only records the Empress Dowager's conduct of domestic and foreign affairs, but also takes the reader into the depths of her splendid Summer Palace and the harem of Beijing's Forbidden City, where she lived surrounded by eunuchs - with one of whom she fell in love, with tragic consequences. Packed with drama, fast-paced and gripping, it is both a panoramic depiction of the birth of modern China and an intimate portrait of a woman: as the concubine to a monarch, as the absolute ruler of a third of the world's population, and as a unique stateswoman.

Tambora: The Eruption That Changed The WorldTambora: The Eruption That Changed The World by Wood, Gillen D'arcy

When Indonesia's Mount Tambora erupted in 1815, it unleashed the most destructive wave of extreme weather the world has witnessed in thousands of years. The volcano's massive sulfate dust cloud enveloped the Earth, cooling temperatures and disrupting major weather systems for more than three years. Amid devastating storms, drought, and floods, communities worldwide endured famine, disease, and civil unrest on a catastrophic scale. On the eve of the bicentenary of the great eruption, Tambora tells the extraordinary story of the weather chaos it wrought, weaving the latest climate science with the social history of this frightening period to offer a cautionary tale about the potential tragic impacts of drastic climate change in our own century. The year following Tambora's eruption became known as the "Year without a Summer," when weather anomalies in Europe and New England ruined crops, displaced millions, and spawned chaos and disease. Here, for the first time, Gillen D'Arcy Wood traces Tambora's full global and historical reach: how the volcano's three-year climate change regime initiated the first worldwide cholera pandemic, expanded opium markets in China, set the stage for Ireland's Great Famine, and plunged the United States into its first economic depression. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein's monster, inspired by Tambora's terrifying storms, embodied the fears and misery of global humanity during this transformative period, the most recent sustained climate crisis the world has faced. Bringing the history of this planetary emergency grippingly to life, Tambora sheds light on the fragile interdependence of climate and human societies, and the threat a new era of extreme global weather poses to us all.

Geological Excursion Around Miri, Sarawak 1910-2010: Celebrating The 100Th Anniversary Of The Discovery Of The Miri Oil FieldGeological Excursion Around Miri, Sarawak 1910-2010: Celebrating The 100Th Anniversary Of The Discovery Of The Miri Oil Field by Mario Wannier; Phillip Lesslar

In this volume: The history of oil field, the geology of Miri, Lambir National Park, Mulu and Niah Caves, Fossil localities, mud volcanoes, and more. In 1910, commercial discovery of oil in Miri led to the birth of the petroleum industry in Sarawak and later in Brunei. This book retraces the history of the Miri oil field and describes geological excursions in written in a way to be of interest to geology researchers, teachers and students, and to all visitors interested in the history and geology of Northern Sarawak.

Pembangunan Kota Iskandar: Johor Pada Kurun Ke-21, Pusat Pentadbiran Baru Negeri JohorPembangunan Kota Iskandar: Johor Pada Kurun Ke-21, Pusat Pentadbiran Baru Negeri Johor by Mohanlall, Premilla; Majella Gomes

Kota Iskandar bagi Johor adalah ibarat Putrajaya bagi Malaysia. Kedua-duanya dibina sebagai pusat pentadbiran kerajaan. Pada November 2008, Johor menjadi negeri Malaysia yang pertama mengikut jejak Kerajaan Persekutuan apabila jabatan kerajaan negeri mula berpindah dari Johor Bahru ke Kota Iskandar. Faktor ekonomi, sosial dan alam sekitar mendorong pembangunan Kota Iskandar, salah satu pembangunan utama Iskandar Malaysia, zon pertumbuhan baru di Malaysia. Buku ini menjejaki pembangunan Kota Iskandar, yang direka bentuk untuk memberi perkhidmatan lebih baik kepada rakyat dan pelabur. Ia juga menunjukkan bangunan mercu tanda Fasa 1, dengan lokasi tepi pantai, warisan seni bina, kawasan lapang dan taman landskap yang segera menjadi daya tarikan pelancong. Ini hanya permulaan... Apabila kesemua fasa siap, Kota Iskandar dijangka menjadi tempat pertemuan orang ramai yang datang dari jauh dan dekat untuk berurusan dan bersiar-siar.

Secrets Of The Fallen Pagoda: The Famen Temple And Tang Court CultureSecrets Of The Fallen Pagoda: The Famen Temple And Tang Court Culture by Wang, Eugene Y.; Tansen Sen Et Al

This catalogue accompanies an exhibition at the Asian Civilisations Museum of treasures from the Famen Temple crypt and other Tang dynasty artworks. Essays examine relic worship at the Famen Temple and the Buddhist world of the Tang, the rationale for the arrangement of donations in the crypt chambers, and the Tang dynasties contacts with the wider world. Figures and murals from tombs, magnificent reliquary boxes, rare ceramics, and gold and silver metalwork tell the story of life and culture during the Tang.

Blood Of The People, The: Revolution & The End Of Traditional Rule In Northern SumatraBlood Of The People, The: Revolution & The End Of Traditional Rule In Northern Sumatra by Reid, Anthony

In northern Sumatra, as in Malaya, colonial rule embraced an extravagant array of sultans, rajas, datuks and uleebalangs. In Malaya the traditional Malay elite served as a barrier to evolutionary change and survived the transition to independence, but in Sumatra a wave of violence and killing wiped out the traditional elite in 1945-46. Anthony Reid's The Blood of the People, now available in a new edition, explores the circumstances of Sumatra's sharp break with the past during what has been labelled its "social revolution." The events in northern Sumatra were among the most dramatic episodes of Indonesia's national revolution, and brought about more profound changes even than in Java, from where the revolution is normally viewed. Some ethnic groups saw the revolution as a popular, peasant-supported movement that liberated them from foreign rule. Others, though, felt victimised by a radical, levelling agenda imposed by outsiders. Java, with a relatively homogeneous population, passed through the revolution without significant social change. The ethnic complexity of Sumatra, in contrast, meant that the revolution demanded and altogether new "Indonesian" identity to override the competing ethnic categories of the past.

Genesis Of Konfrontasi: Malaya, Brunei And Indonesia, 1945-1965Genesis Of Konfrontasi: Malaya, Brunei And Indonesia, 1945-1965 by Poulgrain, Greg

This book throws new light onto the 1963-66 period of confrontation between Malaysia and Indonesia. The Brunei revolt in December 1962 started Confrontation but who started the Brunei revolt? This is but one result of accessing recently-released archival material and interviewing many former officials - some of whom are featured in the archival material. Documents which no previous works have accessed helped Dr Poulgrain piece together the genesis of Konfrontasi.

Malay Kingship In Kedah: Religion, Trade, And SocietyMalay Kingship In Kedah: Religion, Trade, And Society by Maziar Mozaffari Falarti

This book probes and examines traditional sources of royal power and control, as well as indigenous socio-political systems in the Malay world. It focuses on the north-western Malaysian Sultanate of Kedah, which is acknowledged as the oldest unbroken independent kingship line in the Malay and Islamic world with one thousand years of history. It concludes that the ruling dynasty has historically exploited a wide range of unique environmental conditions, local traditions, global spiritual trends, and economic forces to preserve and strengthen its political position.

Naval Reservists In Action: World War Ii (Far East) & Confrontation (1963-1966)Naval Reservists In Action: World War Ii (Far East) & Confrontation (1963-1966) by Villanueva, Adrian (Ed.)

Part I of this book, written by naval reservists and researchers, relates the actual accounts of the Colonial Royal Naval Reservists from Australia, Britain, Burma, Hong Kong, India, Singapore and Penang engaged in operations against the Japanese during World War II. Part II covers the Indonesian Confrontation, and encompasses the support given by the mobilised RMNVR reservists from Singapore, Penang and Klang divisions to the RMN. These accounts illustrate vividly the major part that naval Reservists played in the operations and the rich variety of experience and background which Reservists brought to bear.

Trails Of Bronze Drums Across Early Southeast Asia: Exchange Routes And Connected Cultural SpheresTrails Of Bronze Drums Across Early Southeast Asia: Exchange Routes And Connected Cultural Spheres by Calo, Ambra

This study examines the transmission of ceremonial Dong Son bronze drums from their centres of production in north Vietnam and its immediate environs along river and maritime routes throughout Mainland and Island Southeast Asia from the perspective of Late Metal Age (300 BC AD 500) exchange networks. The distribution of ceremonial bronze drums associated with political/religious power along major routes marks contacts between early cultural spheres, and particularly possible alliances which would have favoured the exchange of commodities. The growth and progressive political significance of strategically located trade centres set the stage for the process of state formation during the historic period. Examining the distribution across present national boundaries, this study focuses on what type of drums are found where to identify different phases and routes of transmission associated with different inter-regional networks, interconnected cultural spheres, and regional bronze drum casting traditions arising from the influence of Dong Son drums.

Return Of A King: The Battle For AfghanistanReturn Of A King: The Battle For Afghanistan by Dalrymple, William

In the spring of 1839, the British invaded Afghanistan for the first time. Led by lancers in scarlet cloaks and plumed shakos, nearly 20,000 British and East India Company troops poured through the high mountain passes and re-established on the throne Shah Shuja ul-Mulk. On the way in, the British faced little resistance. But after two years of occupation, the Afghan people rose in answer to the call for jihad and the country exploded into violent rebellion. The First Anglo-Afghan War ended in Britain's greatest military humiliation of the nineteenth century: an entire army of the then most powerful nation in the world ambushed in retreat and utterly routed by poorly equipped tribesmen. Return of a King is the definitive analysis of the First Afghan War, told through the lives of unforgettable characters on all sides and using for the first time contemporary Afghan accounts of the conflict. Prize-winning and bestselling historian William Dalrymple's masterful retelling of Britain's greatest imperial disaster is a powerful and important parable of colonial ambition and cultural collision, folly and hubris, for our times.

On The Noodle Road: From Beijing To Rome, With Love And PastaOn The Noodle Road: From Beijing To Rome, With Love And Pasta by Jen Lin-Liu

On honeymoon, a food writer questions how had food and culture moved along the Silk Road, the ancient trade route linking Asia to Europe - and what could still be felt of those long-ago migrations and discovers some surprising truths about commitment, independence, and love.

Mr Selden's Map Of China: The Spice Trade, A Lost Chart & The South China SeaMr Selden's Map Of China: The Spice Trade, A Lost Chart & The South China Sea by Brook, Timothy

In 1659, a vast and unusual map of China arrived in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. It was bequeathed by John Selden, a London business lawyer, political activist, former convict, MP and the city's first Orientalist scholar. Largely ignored, it remained in the bowels of the library, until called up by an inquisitive reader. When Timothy Brook saw it in 2009, he realised that the Selden Map was 'a puzzle that had to be solved': an exceptional artefact, so unsettlingly modern-looking it could almost be a forgery. But it was genuine, and what it has to tell us is astonishing. It shows China, not cut off from the world, but a participant in the embryonic networks of global trade that fuelled the rise of Europe - and which now power China's ascent. And it raises as many question as it answers: how did John Selden acquire it? Where did it come from? Who re-imagined the world in this way? And most importantly - what can it tell us about the world at that time? Brook, like a cartographic detective, has provided answers - including a surprising last-minute revelation of authorship. From the Gobi Desert to the Philippines, from Java to Tibet and into China itself, Brook uses the map (actually a schematic representation of China's relation to astrological heaven) to tease out the varied elements that defined this crucial period in China's history.

Forgotten Voices Of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962Forgotten Voices Of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962 by Zhou Xun

In 1958, China's revered leader Mao Zedong instituted a program designed to transform his giant nation into a Communist utopia. Called the Great Leap Forward, Mao's grand scheme-like so many other utopian dreams of the 20th century-proved a monumental disaster, resulting in the mass destruction of China's agriculture, industry, and trade while leaving large portions of the countryside forever scarred by man-made environmental disasters. The resulting three-year famine claimed the lives of more than 45 million people in China. In this remarkable oral history of modern China's greatest tragedy, survivors of the cataclysm share their memories of the devastation and loss. The range of voices is wide: city dwellers and peasants, scholars and factory workers, parents who lost children and children who were orphaned in the catastrophe all speak out. Powerful and deeply moving, this unique remembrance of an unnecessary and unhindered catastrophe illuminates a dark recent history that remains officially unacknowledged to this day by the Chinese government and opens a window on a society still feeling the impact of the terrible Great Famine.

Maps Of Malaya And Borneo: Discovery, Statehood And Progress - The Collections Of H.R.H Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah And Dato' Richard CurtisMaps Of Malaya And Borneo: Discovery, Statehood And Progress - The Collections Of H.R.H Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah And Dato' Richard Curtis by Durand, Frederic; Dato' Richard Curtis

This is a superbly illustrated collection of historical maps of Malaya and Borneo, dating from the 1500s to World War II. "Maps of Malaya and Borneo" showcase the extensive map collections of His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah, Sultan of Selangor, and Richard Curtis. The combined collections contain more than 150 maps ranging from what may now appear to be inaccurate medieval maps based on the workings of Ptolemy to maps given to troops during World War II. The collections include early Portuguese, Dutch and French maps, nautical charts, maps of the interior, maps from atlases and encyclopaedias, maps of the Malaysian states, maps showing economy and infrastructure and city maps. Extensive and enlightening text highlights key features of the maps, insights into their creators and the technical developments that enabled them to be made.

Chronicle Of Malaysia: Fifty Years Of Headline News 1963-2013Chronicle Of Malaysia: Fifty Years Of Headline News 1963-2013 by Mathews, Philip

This revised and updated edition of the Chronicle of Malaysia brings the full dramatic sweep of Malaysia's history up to date, taking the reader through the nation's first 50 years from the formation of Malaysia in 1963 all the way to 2013. It is packed with illustrated news stories covering hundreds of the nation's key social, political, cultural and sporting events. As a compendium of all aspects of Malaysian life, the book captures the mood of the day with a sense of vividness and immediacy. Concise, accessible articles-revised and rewritten to engage today's readers-are introduced by headlines and liberally illustrated with photographs and specially commissioned cartoons.

Smr: Singapore Metropolitan RegionSmr: Singapore Metropolitan Region by L'heureux, Erik G.(Ed.)

Singapore Metropolitan Region is a graphical compendium of architectural research about the Sijori Triangle: Singapore, Johor and the Riau Archipelago. Beautiful plans, illustrations, drawings,a dn historical maps trace visions of the past with information of the present. Essays by Erik G.L'Heureux, Freek Colombijn, Lai Chee Kien, Chua Beng Huat, Tim Bunnell and Francois Decoster produce a more nuanced picture of the region in five chapters. A complex yet impressive picture emerges beyond political boundaries and conflicting national interest. Indeed by seeing the region as one cohesive landscape with distinct formal and spatial characteristics composed of longstanding histories, peoples and economies, the architecture of the Singapore Metropolitan Region reveals its interconnected complexity painting a picture of a region wrestling between the first and third world.

South And East Asia Since 1800South And East Asia Since 1800 by Purcell, Victor

Originally published in 1965, this book by respected Sinologist and British colonial public servant Victor Purcell charts the history of East and South Asia from 1800 through to the establishment of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. The text includes a list of books particularly recommended by the author, as well as nine maps. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of East or South East Asia, particularly in political developments after WWII.

In Time Of War: Lt. Cmdr. Henry C.S. Collingwood-Selby, R.N. (1898-1992) And OthersIn Time Of War: Lt. Cmdr. Henry C.S. Collingwood-Selby, R.N. (1898-1992) And Others by Collingwood-Selby, Richard; Gillian Bickley (Eds.)

In Time of War shows how a British naval officer, confined during World War 2 as a POW in Hong Kong, engaged his mind during those three and a half years. There are talks he gave to other POWs, drawings and essays, transcripts from his diary for the year immediately leading up to his wounding and imprisonment, some correspondence with family and friends, and official documents; both those relating to his recall to naval service in 1939 and those retiring him from naval service in 1945 after the war.